9th Grade Biology-CELL ORGANELLES

14 terms by EnErGeE 

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lysosome

aids in digestion, breaks down old cell parts

chloroplast

converts sunlight into useable energy for the (plant) cell

ribosome

made up of RNA and protein, makes proteins

rough e.r

site of protein synthesis

smooth e.r

detoxifies the cell and creates the cell membrane

cell wall

provides another form of protection and support for the cell, only found in plants, more rigid than the cell membrane

vacuole

stores water, food, and waste

cytoskeleton

creates the cell shape and structure

nucleolus

where ribosomes are made

golgi apparatus

used for packaging and transportation of material in the cell

mitochondria

converts energy into a compound that the cell can use, known as the powerhouse of the cell

nucleus

contains genetic information

nuclear envelope

surrounds the nucleus and has pores that RNA can pass through

cell membrane

protects and supports the cell, semi-permeable

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