Chapter 9 Criminal Justice

22 terms by vwrosetat Plus

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Murder

the felonious killing of one human being by another with malice aforethought

nonnegligent manslaughter

the killing of a human being without premeditation but with the intention to kill in the "heat of the moment," such as under high emotional states of anger or passion

negligent manslaughter

the unlawful killing of another through reckless or negligent behavior, without intention to kill

aggravated assault

inflicting, or attempting to inflict, bodily injury on another person, with the intent to inflict serious injury

reactive violence

hot blooded, emotionally charged, and enacted quickly for the purpose of harming a perceived provocateur or defending oneself

proactive violence

cold blooded, non-emotional, and premeditated aggression for the purpose of personal gain, such as a robbery or bullying

Munchausen syndrome by proxy

an unusual form of child abuse in which the parent (usually the mother), or parents, consistently bring a child for medical attention with symptoms falsified or directly induced by the parent or parents

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS)

a form of child abuse in which an adult (usually male) shakes a baby so hard that it causes significant brain damage or death

Infanticide

although this term literally means the killing of an infant, it has become synonymous with the killing of a child by a parent

Neonaticide

The killing of a newborn, usually under 48 hours

Filicide

Killing of one's child older than one year

Intimate partner violence

crimes committed against persons by their current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends

Battered woman syndrome

a cluster of behavioral and psychological characteristics believed common to women who have been abused in relationships

Eldercide

the killing of an older person, usually over 60

Siblicide

the killing of one's brother or sister

Patricide

the killing of a parent

Matricide

the killing of one's mother

Soroicide

the killing of one's sister

Fratricide

the killing of one's brother

Parricide

the killing of a parent

Multiassaultive families

a nuclear family (traditional or nontraditional) characterized by multiple incidents of violence involving more than one perpetrator

Coercion theory

the belief that punitive and coercive tactics employed by parents will increase the likelihood of later aggressive behavior and family violence

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