Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina
The Arabic word for God
The holy book of Islam.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from 661 to 750 and later established a kingdom in al-Andalus.
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
A Muslim house of worship
the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, the most holy month for Muslims
House of Wisdom
Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s.
Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Nomadic herders who used camels to cross the desert; Raids for grazing land frequent warfare
the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
the dynasty that came after the Ummayads. The ummayad lost power in AD 759 because they upset mant muslims especially in Persia. Persian Muslims thought that Arab Muslims got better treatment
make a declaration of faith, pray five times daily, give to charity, fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca
A follower of Islam, means "one who has submitted"
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
the art of beautiful handwriting
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
The belief that there is only one god
an Islamic model for living, based on the life and teachings of Muhammad