Health Terms

Created by Lele4life1234 

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physical activity

any form of bodily movement that uses up energy

coordination

the smooth and effective working together of your muscles and bones

balance

the feeling of stability and control over your body

calories

unites of heat that measure the energy available in foods

physical fitness

the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life without becoming overly tired

exercise

planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one's fitness

aerobic exercise

rhythmic, nonstop, moderate to vigorous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen

anaerobic exercise

intense physical activity that requires little oxygen but uses short bursts of energy

heart and lung endurance

a measure of how efficiently your heart and lungs work when you exercise and how quickly they return to normal when you stop

muscle strength

a measure of the most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at one time

muscle endurance

a measure of a muscle's ability to repeatedly exert a force over a prolonges period of time

flexibility

the ability of your body's joints to move easily through a full range of motion

body composition

the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, such as bone, muscle, and fluid

heredity

the passing of the traits from parents to their children

cross-training

switching between different activities and exercises on different days

FITT principle

a method for safely increasing aspects of your workout without injuring yourself

resting heart rate

the number of times your heart beats per minute when you are relaxing

target heart-rate

the range of numbers between which your heart and lungs recieve the most benefit from a workout

warm-up

a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body for more vigorous activity

cool-down

a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body to end a workout session

conditioning

a regular activity and exercise that prepares a person for a sport

PRICE formula

Protect, Respect, Ice, Compress, and Elevate

dehydration

condition caused by excessive water loss

heat exhaustion

an overheating of the body that can result from dehydration

nutrients

substances in food that your body needs

nutrition

the study of nutrients and how the body uses them

appetite

the psychological desire for food

hunger

the body's physical need for food

fiber

the parts of fruit, vegetables, grains, adn beans that your body cannot digest

carbohydrates

sugar and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly in plants

proteins

nutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissues

saturated fats

fats are are solid at room temperatures

unsaturated fats

fats that are not solid at room temperatures

vitamins

substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, amoung other jobs

minerals

elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes

MyPyramid food guidance system

a system designed to help Americans make healthful food choices

calorie

a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods

sodium

a nutrient that helps control the amount of fluid in your body

food borne illness

a sickness resulting from eating food that is not safe to eat

empty calorie food

foods that offer few, if any, nutrients but do supply calories

nutrient density

the amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide

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