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polydipsia

excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus

Cushing's syndrome

result of prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol

hypercalcemia

abnormally high concentrations of calcium in the blood

pinealoma

disrupts the production of melatonin

pancreatalgia

pain the in pancreas

thymosin

hormone secreted by thymus

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks thyroid tissue

testosterone

hormone that stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics

prolactinoma

a benign tumor of the pituitary gland

cretinism

a congenital form of hypothyroidism

epinephrine

the hormone that limits the release of insulin

oxytocin

the hormone that stimulates uterine contractions

leptin

hormone that acts to control the balance of food intake and energy expenditure

diabetes insipidus

term caused by insufficient production of ADH

follicle-stimulating

the hormone that stimulates the growth of ova

electrolytes

substances such as sodium and potassium normally found in blood

acromegaly

condition characterized by enlargement of the hands and feet due to excessive secretion of the growth hormone after puberty

aldosteronism

describes an abnormality of electrolyte balance

antidiuretic

hormone that maintains the body's water balance by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys

hyperglycemia

an abnomally high concentration of glucose in the blood

luteinizing

hormone that stimulates ovulation in the female

Addison's disease

condition that is a progressive disease that occurs when adrenal gland do not produce enough cortisol

diabetic retinopathy

complication from diabetes that can cause loss of vision

glycogen

the form in which the liver stores the excess glucose

progesterone

hormone released during the second half of the menstrual cycle

estrogen

the hormone that is important in the development and maintenance of the female secondary characteristics

thymitis

inflammation of the thymus gland

hypercrinism

condition caused by excessive secretion of any gland

hypothyroidism

medical term meaning a defiency of thyroid secretion

calcitonin

works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels

gigantism

excessive secretion of growth hormone before puberty

laparascopic adrenalectomy

minimally invasive procedure to surgically remove one or both adrenal glands

glucagon

in response to low blood sugar, cells of the pancreatic islets secrete this

insulinoma

benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia

polyphagia

excessive hunger

polyuria

excessive urination

hyperinsulinism

excessive secretion of insulin

False

T or F: The fructosamine tests measre average glucose levels over the previous 3-4 months

False

T or F: gynecomastia is the condition of excessive mammary development in the female

True

T or F: Exophthalmos is abnormal protrusion of the eyes

False

T or F: Myxedema is also known as hyperthyroidism

True

T or F: Cretinism is due to a congenital lack of thyroid secretion

thymectomy

procedure involves the surgical removal of the thymus gland

Graves' disease

autoimmune disorder that is characterized with other hormones to regulate the rate of metabolism

pituitary adenoma

describes a slow-growing benign tumor of the pituitary gland

pituitary

which gland secretes hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands

adrenal medulla

where does a pheochromocytoma occur

type 2

type of diabetes mellitus that is an resistance disorder

hypoparathyroidism

an abnormal condition that is caused by an insufficient or absent secretion of the parathyroid hormone that can lead to periodic painful muscle spasms and tremors

pituitary

gland located at the base of the brain just below the hypothalamus

pineal

gland that secretes the hormone melatonin

diabetic coma

life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus

cortisol

hormone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body

insulin

hormone secreted in response to high blood sugar

pinealopathy

any disorder of the pineal gland

spinal cavity

protects spinal column

abdominal cavity

protects intestinal organs

thoracic cavity

protects heart and lungs

cranial cavity

protects brain

pelvic cavity

protects reproductive organs

melanocyte-stimulating

hormone that increases pigmentation of the skin

estrogen

hormone that is released during the second half of the menstrual cycle

endocrinologist

a specialist in diagnosing and treating disease and malfunctions of the flands of internal secretion

growth hormone

somatotropin is another name for...

chemical thyroidectomy

hyperthyroid disorders are treated with radioactive iodine that causes....

parathyroid hormone

calcium levels in the blood and tissues are regulated by calcitonin working with what hormone

laparascopic adrenalectomy

minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove one or both adrenal glands is known as...

glucagon

in response to low blood sugar, the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets secrete what

adrenal glands

regulate electrolyte levels

pancreatic islets

control glucose metabolism

parathyroid glands

regulate calcium levels

pineal gland

influence sleep-wakefulness cycle

thymus gland

active in immune reaction

True

T or F: Human growth hormone therapy is administered when the pituitary gland secretes an inadequate amount of growth hormone

False

T or F: the parathyroid hormone stimulates the thyroid gland

True

T or F: Cretinism is due to a congenital lack of thyroid secretion

cortisone

substance used to suppress inflammation

aldosterone

hormone that aids in regulating the amount of salts in the body

thyroxine

hormone that works with other hormones to regulate the rate of metabolism

Graves' disease

not caused by a disorder of the adrenal gland

thymitis

inflammation of the thymus

adrenalitis

inflammation of the adrenal glands

gigantism

abnormal overgrowth of the long bones and very tall stature

myxedema

severe form of adult hypothyroidism

pinealectomy

surgical removal of the pineal gland

somatotropin

hormone that regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues

aldosteronism

condition that is not a diabetic complication

gonadocorticoids

hormones influences some sex-related characteristics

thymus gland

endocrine gland located near the midline anterior portion of the thoracis cavity

thymosin

thymus secretes...

type 1

insulin deficiency disorder

myxedema

condition that has symptoms including puffiness of the hands and face

Graves' disease

autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos

thyrotoxicosis

life-threatening condition resulting from the release of excessive quantities of the thyroid hormones into the bloodstream

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

thyroid stimulating hormone is secreted by the

tetany

hypoparathyroidism is usually accompanied by hypocalcemia and in severe cases leads to...

pituitary gland

hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands are secreted by the..

growth hormone

also known as somatotropin

thyromegaly

commonly known as goiter

chemical thyroidectomy

some hyperthyroid disorders are treated with _______ to destroy tissue of the thyroid gland

epinephrine

stimulates the symptomatic nervous system

pheochromocytoma

excessive production of epinephrine by the adrenal medulla is caused by a benign tumor known as...

gamete

reproductive cell

lobectomy

surgical removal of one love of the thyroid gland

True

T or F: the hormone secreted by the thymus secretes plays an important role in the immune system

False

T or F: a pituitary adenoma is a malignant tumorof the pituitary gland

False

T or F: ocytocin prevents permature childbirth

True

T or F: lactogenic hormone stimulates and maintains the secretion of breast milk after childbirth

False

T or F: the function of estrogen is to complete the preparations for pregnancy

False

T or F: diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disease characterized hypoglycemia

False

T or F: Conn's syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol

True

T or F: mineralocorticoids regulate the metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins in the body

false

T or F: acromegaly is caused by excessive secretion of the growth hormone before puberty

true

T or F: a chemical thyroidectomy destroys thyroid cells

true

T or F:the parathyroid hormone stimulates the thyroid gland

false

T or F: diabetes insipidus is caused by failuer of the cells to respond to insulin

true

T or F: hypercrinism is a condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland, especially an endocrine gland

false

T or F: the thymus stimulates metabolism, growth, and activity of the nervous system

true

T or F: progesterone completes the preparation of the uterus for possible pregnancy

false

t or f: the thyroid gland regulates electrolyte levels, influences metabolism, and responds to stress

false

t or f: alcohol consumption stimulates the secretion of ADH

ACTH

stimulates hormones to maintain pregnancy

ADH

helps control blood pressure

GH

regulates the growth of body tissues

HCG

stimulates growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex

TSH

stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones

aldosterone

aids in regulating the salt and water levels

cortisol

has an anti-inflammatory action

androgen

influences sex-related characteristics

nonepinephrine

stimulates the sympathetic nervous system

thymosin

has role in the immune system

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