What is prehistory of the world called?
Why is it called Stone Age?
People used things of stone (spears, arrows, hatchets) and lived in stone houses (caves).
What two things helped people against predators?
Hands and Minds/Brains
Important First Invention?
Why was fire important?
warmth, light, cooking, to heat metal
First metal discovered to melt?
copper for beads, ornaments, sharp blades and points... better than stones
What is Bronze?
tin and copper melted together = stronger than copper
People used things of bronze (spears, arrows, hatchets, tools & weaons)
Iron was better than copper or bronze
Oldest known body of water
Early land: Syria, Egypt, Middle East, North Africa
shared how to grow foods, exhange goods,
B.C. or B.C.E.
Before Christ or Before Common Era
A.D. or C.E.
Anno Domini ... since the time of Christ; or Common Era
ancient Middle Eastern written language
ancient Egyptian written language; picture writing
ancient Indian written language
Name four ancient civilizations
Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China
What did the ancient civilizations have in common?
grew up along river valleys
River in Egypt
River in Mesopotamia
Tigris and Euphrates
River in India
River in China
Huang River = Yellow River
Benefits of river valleys
plentiful food, water for people, plants and animals to drink
What do you call lots of people living close together?
Why were boats built?
for trading from far away
What was a negative from the boats and travel
some people began to fight
a plant Egyptians used for paper... in a roll or scroll
3 kinds of writing.... a translation stone
Characteristic of the Nile
overflowed one a year, forming a natural fertilizer
1st Egyptian King, 3100 BC
1st class in Egypt?
Priests, doctors, lawyers and engineers
2nd class in Egypt?
3rd class in Egypt?
farmers, shepherds,shopkeepers, merchants, and mechanics
What is the lowest egyptian class
Did the Egyptians believe one god, many gods or idols?
Egyptians believed in many gods
Why did the Egyptians pickle their bodies to be mummies?
Egyptians believed their souls lived near their bodies after death, so they pickled their bodies to be Mummies
tombs for kings; 3000 B.C.
Great Pyramid was built for whom?
statue of body of lion and head of a Pharoah
Huge houses for the Egyptian gods
Find Assyria, Babylonia, Chaldea, Mesopotamia, Ararat and Euphrates on a map
go to Google Earth
Tower of Babel, astronomers, wrote in cuneiform on bricks, wheat, dates, fish
1770 BC. Code of laws
land of Jews, Abraham - 1900 BC, Isaac, Joseph, Israelites
Rameses the Great
killed baby boys... story of Moses. Exodus. 1300 BC
Led the Exodus from Egypt. Gave us the 10 Commandments.
Jews believed in one God, gave us Old Testament
1900 BC: Ur to Canaan, 1700 BC Canaan to Egypt; 1300 BC Egypt back to Canaan
another word for Greece; about 1300 BC
Did the Greeks believe in one god, many gods or idols?
Greeks believed in many gods
12 Chief gods, 6 males, 6 female = goddesses
How many chief gods did the Greeks believe in?
Zeus or Jupiter
Father/King of gods
Hera or Juno
Wife/Queen of gods
Poseidon or Neptune
brother of Zeus. rules the sea
Hephaestus or Vulcan
god of fire
most beautiful god. god of the sun,song and music
Artemis or Diana
twin sister of Apollo. goddess of the moon and hunting
Ares or Mars
terrible god of war
Hermes or Mercury
messenger of gods
Athena or Minerva
goddess of wisdom
Aphrodite or Venus
goddess of love and beauty
Hestia or Vesta
goddess of the home and fireside
Demeter or Ceres
goddess of the farmer
Hades or Pluto
brother of Zeus, ruler of the underworld
Greeks prayed to gods for victory and offered animals and food/wine.... sacrifice
What did Greeks pray to gods for?
1200 BC. Helen was stolen from Sparta and brought to Troy. Greeks made a fake horse present, invaded Troy to save Helen.
What was the Inspiration of the Illiad and Odyssey.. two famous poems written by Homer
the Trojan War
King of Jews: David
killed giant Goliath, wrote beautiful songs for God, called Psalms.
son of David. very wise king. His wise sayings are called Proverbs.
created the Alphabet, lived north of the Jews by the Meditteranean Sea and traveled far on boats. They were artisans and craftspeople, weavers, dyed cloth and robes. Tyrian purple for kings robes
Did Phoenicians believe in one god, many gods or idols?
Greek city... strong soldiers, discipline, military
Greek city... loved arts, beauty, athletic games, music, poetry, train the mind and body
games started in Olympia Greece, 776 BC; then in 1896 held in Athens
History told by Virgil. City in Italy.
Romulus and Remus
twins. Romulus killed Remus and founded the city of Rome.