25 SCWS Contingency Operations

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Explain the fundamentals of a tent camp layout in relation to the Latrines from messing facilities / Latrines from water supplies

Latrines must be 100 yards from the nearest natural water source and food service areas. The site should be reasonably near the user, but 50 feet from sleeping areas
Preferable downwind and down hill

Explain the fundamentals of a tent camp layout in relation to the Garbage pits from water supplies / Garbage pits from messing facilities.

A garbage pit must be at least 100 yards away from a water source and 30 yards away from messing facilities.
Preferable downwind and down hill

Discuss the trouble desk as it pertains to camp maintenance

receive all customer service calls.
The trouble desk coordinates the maintenance calls and tasks with the people who provide the maintenance service.
The trouble desk attendant enters all customer trouble calls into the trouble desk log and fills out Emergency Service Authorization (ESA) forms.

Discuss the three types of work as they pertain to camp maintenance

- Emergency Service workAll work requiring immediate action or any minor work requiring less than 16 man-hours and $100 in material costs
- Specific Job Order Orders are written to cover work for which individual job costs are desired take more than 16 man-hours to complete
- Standing Job orders are large repetitive jobs that require over 40 man-hours to complete

Discuss the three types of inspections as they pertain to camp maintenance

Operators Inspection - Performed by the operator assigned to the equipment
Control Inspection - reviews all camp facilities to determine the maintenance required during a deployment
Annual inspection - reviews annual requirements for budgeting purposes.

Discuss Chlorination of water

Chlorination is the most common method of disinfecting potable water
Must be chlorinated to at least 5.0 PPM (parts per million) FAC (free available chlorine) with a final residue of 2.0 PPM FAC after 30 minutes of contact time.

Discuss Super Chlorination

The application of chlorine in dosages far in excess of the chlorine demand for disinfection.
Must be at least 100 PPM (parts per million) FAC (free available chlorine) and holding It in the container for 4 hours. During this time the FAC must not drop below 50 PPM FAC.
The words "poison, do not drink" must be clearly marked on all sides of the container

Discuss the three parts of the Advanced Base Functional Component (ABFC) system and explain their relationships

Part 1, Component Site Plan
- A grouping of personnel and materials that has a specific function or mission at an advanced base.
-Part 2, Facility Drawings
o Lists and describes assembly requirement for each facility Example: 250 Man Tent Camp
Part 3 Assembly drawings
o Lists line-item requirements by NSN for each assembly. Example: Tent 16 x 32

Describe the ABFC View Program and how it facilitates contingency planning

web-based database that consists of Navy wide TOA's
can be viewed as components, facility, or assemblies
allows for rapid task tailoring during contingency planning.

Define MOS and state what it is

Minimum operating strip
50' X 5000' for a fighter air craft
90' X 7000' for a cargo aircraft

What is the size of the MOS access routes

Fighter planes 25' wide
Cargo planes 60'
Smooth surface free of debris
AM-2, FFM matting or crushed stone

Difference between crater and a spall

Craters represent damage that penetrates through the pavement surface into the underlying base and subgrade soil uplifting the surrounding pavement and ejecting soil, rock, and pavement debris around the impact area
A spall is damage that does not penetrate through the pavement surface to the underlying layers. Spalls may be up to 1.52 m (5 ft) in diameter

What is FRP

Fiberglass reinforced polyester

Define DAT

DAMAGE ASSESSMENT TEAM
Reports
• Damage type (crater, single spall, spall field, etc.)
• Location (by grid coordinates or in relation to known reference markers)
• Size (crater diameter, spall field dimensions)

How many DAT's are in a typical unit

• Battalion Main Body:................................4 DATs
• Large NMCB Detail: (>100 Personnel).........3 DATs
• Air DET or Medium/Small NMCB DET:.........2 DATs

Composition of a typical DAT

Normally consist of three Battalion personnel augmented with one EOD technician and one Public Works or Air Operations representative to aid the assessment, record information, and communicate data to the tation/Battalion command center.
Regardless of rank, the EOD technician takes charge and directs the team's movement through areas with UXO.

Define UXO

Un-exploded ordnance.
All UXO within 300 feet of repair operations or aircraft operating surfaces must be identified.
UXO report contains Location, Quantity, Size, Shape, Color, Distinctive markings, Fuse type and condition

What steps should DAT's take pre-attack

fabricate a marking system with large stakes at 100 foot intervals, far enough off runway to survive blast

What should be done in crater preparation phase

Clearing debris from the crater diameter perimeter.
Determining the actual crater diameter versus the apparent crater diameter,
Removing the upheaved pavement.
Removing large ejecta from inside the crater, as required.
Backfilling the crater with ballast rock, fill, or clean ejecta.
Backfilling the crater with crushed stone.
Compaction of the crushed stone.
Installing FOD cover.

Name some precautions of making spall repairs

Ensure no water or ice in the spall,
ensure cement does not set prior to installation

Name 3 types of rapid setting cements

regulated set cement (such as Ideal Cement Company's REG SET),
magnesium phosphate cement (such as SET 45),
a high early strength type cement (such as PYRAMENT).

Describe FFM

Folded Fiberglass Matting
o This procedure, which is currently the primary MOS repair method, involves the installation of an anchored FFM over a crater which was prepared with a layer of well-compacted crushed stone

Describe AM-2 matting

aluminum matting
hand-assembled and anchored over the crater which was prepared with a layer of crushed stone. This repair surface is the most manpower intensive of the two primary RRR techniques

Describe Cretemobile

The trailer-mounted crete mobile carries the cement, sand, and coarse aggregates in divided bins, mounted on the unit
Sand and aggregates are proportioned accurately by weight or volume and dropped simultaneously with a mixture of cement from the material feed system
The mixing action is a continuous process that can proceed until the aggregate bins are empty

Explain the fundamentals of a typical battalion tent camp layout

Tactical
o sufficient space for command dispersion
o concealment from ground and air observation
o protection from bombing and strafing attacks
o protection from mechanized attack
Sanitary
water supply, drainage, shade, access
o site not occupied by other units in last 2 months

State the purposes of the The Quality Control plans contained in the project package

o Provide customer satisfaction with a product that fulfills the requirement for which it was intended
o Provide craftsperson accountability for quality construction, and economical use of material within the Naval Construction Force

State the purposes of the project safety plans contained in the project package

o The safety plan lists the hazards and corrective action to be taken from the back of the CAS sheets
o The crew leader must ensure that the crew is properly trained and aware of all safety conditions present

Explain the purpose of maintaining operator logs for camp equipment.

Daily operators logs are kept on some equipment. The main purpose for using operating logs is to continuously record data of equipment performance.

Discuss a Bailey Bridge

o Through-type metal truss bridge with heavy timber decking, roadway carried between two main girders
Quickly assembled by manpower, 30 - 40 personnel
12'6" wide, can span up to 210'
Configuration
Single / Single bridge, 100'
Double / Single bridge 140'
Double / Double bridge 180'
Floating MLC 60

Discuss a Medium Girder Bridge

Bridge is formed with 2 main girders from a number of panels pinned together, 13' 2" wide bridge Multi span ability.
Launched and de-launched via roller system and 5 ton
Three types of MGB's, Single story, MLC 70 Double story MLC 70, Linked reinforced MLC 60, Floating MLC 60
Crew size 24 to 32 personnel
Roadway is formed by hanging deck units between girders and connecting ramps at each end
used for light vehicle loads

Describe Bunker assembly

[Assembly 14003]
Total M-Hr = 891
 BU = 340
 SW = 40
 EO = 3
 CN = 508

Describe Heavy Timber Bridge assembly

[Assembly 13202]
Total M-Hr = 560
 BU = 560

Describe Tower assembly

[Assembly 13606]
Total M-Hr =191
 BU = 127
 EO = 64

Describe Mabey Johnson Bridge

portable pre-fabricated truss bridge
non-assault bridge for logistics
200 feet long, 13.7 feet wide
Needs a crane.
Floating or multiple spans. Class 80 tracked or 110 wheeled.

Discuss Engineer Support Plans (ESP).

An appendix to the logistics annex or separate annex of an operation plan that identifies the minimum essential engineering services and construction requirements required to support the commitment of military forces

Discuss the Request for Forces (RFF) process

Each MEF has a resident CEC officer as a Liaison Officer (LNO) who initiate's a request for NSF support
Request forwarded up the service component command, once validated it is forwarded to the combatant commander.

Discuss the difference between Contingency planning and Crisis Action planning

Contingency planning is performed in a continuous cycle that usually begins with the publication of a new CPG (Contingency Planning Guidance) and is designed to develop joint OPLANs.
CAP is based on current events and conducted in time-sensitive situations and emergencies using assigned, attached, and allocated forces and resources

Discuss the 7 steps of Joint Operational planning process (JOPP)

: initiation,
mission analysis,
course of action (COA) development,
COA analysis and wargaming,
COA comparision,
COA approval,
and plan or order development.

Discuss ESP as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

The ESP identifies the minimum essential facilities and engineering capabilities needed to support the commitment of military forces
HN restrictions
Assumptions of HNS
Major construction resources to be allocated
Sustainment of class IV
Standards of construction (initial or temporary)

Discuss ABFC as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

The ABFC system, known as the NAVFAC P-437, has two volumes. The first volume is a list of components, facilities, and assemblies. The second volume contains drawings. It includes standard designs, bills of material, weight, cube, construction man-hour analysis, and fuel requirements.

Discuss Facilities as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

The unified commander is responsible for the coordination of planning, programming, and construction of facilities to meet the requirements of service component forces.
Requirements are based on operational requirements, duration of need, forces to be supported

Discuss Real estate as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

Navy and Marine Corps component commanders conduct real estate activities such as determining requirements for their forces; selecting, acquiring, maintaining, and disposing of property; claims processing; and records maintenance

Discuss environment as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

Naval civil engineer planners consider the effect of the planning of operations on the environment in accordance with HN agreements; environmental laws and regulations; and U.S. federal, state, and local environmental laws and standards
Policies, Water certification
Solid and liquid waste management
Hazardous materials
Protection of indigenous animals and plants.

Discuss Host nation support as it relates to general engineering tools and considerations

Unified commanders obtain authority for negotiations with HNs through channels of the Joint Staff, the SecDef, and the Department of State.
Some possibilities are
a. Petroleum, oils, and lubricants, b. Transportation
c. Telecommunications, d. Civilian labor
e. Rear area protection, f. Facilities
g. Contracting, h. Equipment acquisition
i. Supplies, j. Services
k. Health services support, l. Waste disposal.

What are the 3 types of construction standards

Initial/Expedient Standard, tactical environment, response times are at a premium
Temporary Construction Standard, operations as long as 24 months, Permanent Construction Standard, readiness training during peacetime deployments

NAVFAC — designated DOD construction agent in the following areas

a. Atlantic Ocean area
b. Caribbean Sea area
c. Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, including the Azores
d. Newfoundland and Iceland
e. North Africa, excluding Egypt
f. Indian Ocean area
g. Republic of the Philippines
h. Southeast Asia, from Thailand to Vietnam
i. Australia and New Zealand
j. Pacific Ocean area,

The Department of the Air Force — designated DOD construction agent in

British Isles.

United States Army Corps of Engineers — designated DOD construction agent in the following areas

a. Afghanistan, b. Canada, excluding Newfoundland
c. Central America, d. Europe, excluding Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the British Isles, e. Northern Eurasia,
f. Greenland, g. Iraq, h. Japan, i. Korea, j. Marshall Islands
k. Mexico, l. Middle East, m. South America
n. Southeast Asia, from Iran to Myanmar (Burma)
o. Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Kenya and Somalia
p. Taiwan, q. Turkey.

Publication which lists ROC's and POE's

NWP 4-04

Discuss Engineer Support Plans (ESP)

identifies the minimum essential engineering services and construction requirements required to support the commitment of military forces

Discuss the Request for Forces (RFF) process

Each MEF has a resident CEC officer on staff as an NCF LNO. These LNOs and engineer staff officers are primary points of contact to initiate a request for naval civil engineering forces support. Designated commanders forward requests to their service component command. Once validated, the request is forwarded to the combatant commander and then to U.S. Joint Forces Command for sourcing after final validation.

Discuss the difference between Contingency planning and Crisis Action planning

Contingency planning is performed in a continuous cycle that usually begins with the publication of a new CPG (Contingency Planning Guidance) and is designed to develop joint OPLANs, CONPLANs (with and without TPFDD), or functional plans to support (The plan made before it happens)

CAP is based on current events and conducted in time-sensitive situations and emergencies using assigned, attached, and allocated forces and resources
(The plan made when it happens. )

List the 7 steps of the joint operational planning process (JOPP)

initiation,
mission analysis,
course of action (COA) development,
COA analysis and wargaming,
COA comparision,
COA approval,
plan or order development.

How does JOPP differ from Marine Corp Planning process (MCPP)?

MCPP is only 6 steps and does not include initiation.

What do civil engineer planners consider the following issues when preparing input for an ESP:

a. HN restrictions imposed on the use of bases
b. Assumptions regarding the availability of critical HNS.
c. Major construction resources to be allocated.
d. Anticipation of sustainment of Class IV resources. Contracted vs shipped.
e. Desired standards of construction (initial or temporary).
f. A provision for force withdrawal, such as base denial and movement of relocatable residual

Discuss ABFC as it relates to General Engineering planning tools and considerations

The ABFC system, known as the NAVFAC P-437, has two volumes. The first volume is a list of components, facilities, and assemblies. The second volume contains drawings. It includes standard designs, bills of material, weight, cube, construction man-hour analysis, and fuel requirements

Discuss Facilities as it relates to General Engineering planning tools and considerations

The unified commander is responsible for the coordination of planning, programming, and construction of facilities to meet the requirements of service component forces. Facility requirements are consistent with operational requirements, duration of need, and forces to be supported.

Discuss real Estate as it relates to General Engineering planning tools and considerations

The unified commander is responsible for coordinating real estate requirements of the service component forces. Navy and Marine Corps component commanders conduct real estate activities such as determining requirements for their forces; selecting, acquiring, maintaining, and disposing of property; claims processing; and records maintenance.

Discuss environment as it relates to General Engineering planning tools and considerations

Planners consider the effect of the planning of operations on the environment in accordance with HN agreements; environmental laws and regulations; and U.S. federal, state, and local environmental laws and standards
a. Policies and responsibilities to protect and preserve the environment
b. Certification of local water sources by appropriate medical personnel
c. Solid and liquid waste management
d. Hazardous materials management,
e. Protection of indigenous animals and vegetables
f. Archaeological and historical preservation
g. Contingency spill plans.

Examples of HN logistic support

a. Petroleum, oils, and lubricants
b. Transportation
c. Telecommunications
d. Civilian labor
e. Rear area protection
f. Facilities
g. Contracting
h. Equipment acquisition
i. Supplies
j. Services
k. Health services support
l. Waste disposal.

Discuss the supply logistics of Seabee units

Supply is the receipt, storage, issue, and resupply of materiel for conducting operations. After depletion of Seabee-deployed stocks, the supported JTF resupplies for Class I, III, IV, V, VIII, and IX materials. The JTF shall also source the air or sealift required to move Class VII and IX supplies

Discuss the maintenance logistics of Seabee units

Maintenance consists of actions necessary to preserve, repair, and ensure continued operations and effectiveness. Seabee units use the material and maintenance management system and are organized through intermediate (first and second) levels of maintenance on organizational CESE

Discuss the transportation logistics of Seabee units

Seabee units have organic transportation assets to move equipment and supplies within the theater. They may request augmenting transportation from the supported JTF for movement of Class IV materials to their project sites or to displace the unit in a single movement.

Discuss the general engineering logistics of Seabee units

Seabees have a robust capability to conduct general engineering. BDR, maintenance of facilities, and vertical and horizontal construction are examples of the engineering operations conducted by the Seabees
Seabees:
1. Do not clear mines
2. Do not place mines
3. Do not conduct explosive ordnance disposal
4. Do not conduct explosive demolition.

Discuss the Health service logistics of Seabee units

Only NMCB units have a robust organic medical capability. The NMCBs are billeted with a medical officer, dental officer, and independent duty corpsman plus additional corpsmen. Those medical assets support first-responder-capability care. This includes routine and limited emergency medical and dental support at the point of initial injury or illness

Discuss the Medical Treatment Facilities of Seabee units

Seabee units have an organic medical treatment facility with limited patient treatment capabilities located in each NMCB. They are capable of only initial treatment and stabilization for serious injuries prior to medical evacuation.

Discuss the logistic requirements with other services of Seabee units

Seabee organizations require support in field exchange services, security, legal services, civil affairs, and graves registration. Although NMCBs are self-sufficient upon deployment, the situation dictates whether or not augmentation CSS from the supported JTF is required in the following areas: disbursing (U.S. Navy interface), exchange services, legal services, mortuary services, postal services, security support, and civil affairs support.

Provide examples of Temporary construction standards.

location requires operations for as long as 24 months
1. Building or modular systems and the ABFC standard design system
2. Expeditionary airfield construction
3. Electrical power generation and distribution systems
4. Fortifications
5. Forward arming and refueling points
6. Roads
7. Soil stabilization
8. Sewage disposal
9. Troop housing
10. Water storage and distribution.

Provide examples of Permanent construction standards.

build permanent-construction-standard facilities for HN
1. Asphalt paving
2. Bridging, nonstandard
3. Buildings
4. Concrete runways
5. Port facilities and navigational structures
6. Roads
7. Steel frame and block buildings
8. Steel structures
9. Utility distribution and storage systems.

Explain the three types of engineering Battlespace Functions that are assigned to the Seabees:

General engineering, primary task assignments
Combat engineering, secondary task assignments, Mobility, Counter-mobility, survivability
Geospatial (Topography) Engineering. Very limited.

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