An event involving the organized use of military force by at least two parties that satisfies some minimum threshold of severity.
A war in which the main participants are states.
A war in which the main participants are within the same state, such as the government and a rebel group.
A bargaining interaction in which at least one actor threatens to use force in the event that its demands are not met
The set of deals that both parties in a bargaining interaction prefer to the reversion outcome. When the reversion outcome is war, the bargaining range is the set of deals that both sides prefer to war.
A situation in which parties in a strategic interaction lack information about other parties' interests and/or capabilities.
The willingness of an actor to endure costs in order to acquire some good.
In crisis bargaining, the tradeoff between trying to get a better deal and trying to avoid war.
Believability. A credible threat is a threat that the recipient believes will be carried out. A credibile commitment is a commitment or promise that the recipient believes will be honored.
A strategy in which adversaries take actions that increase the risk of accidental war, with the hope that the other will "blink", or lose its nerve, first and make concessions.
Negative repercussions for failing to follow through on a threat or to honor a commitment.
A war fought with the intention of preventing an adversary from becoming stronger in the future. Preventive wars arise because states whose power is increasing cannot commit not to exploit that power in future bargaining interactions.
The situation that arises when military technology, military strategies, and/or geography give a significant advantage to whichever state attacks first in a war.
A war fought with the anticipation that an attack by the other side is imminent.
A good that cannot be divided without diminishing its value.