Chapter 15 Combining Forms

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64 terms · The Language of Medicine

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

ankyl/o

stiff

arthr/o

joint

articul/o

joint

burs/o

bursa (sac of fluid near joints)

calc/o

calcium

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel bone)

calci/o

calcium

carp/o

wrist bones (carpals)

cervic/o

neck; cervix (neck of uterus)

chondr/o

cartilage

clavicul/o

clavicle (collar bone)

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

cost/o

rib

crani/o

skull

fasci/o

fascia (membrane supporting muscles)

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

fibr/o

fiber

fibul/o

fibula

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

ili/o

ilieum

ischi/o

ischium (part of hip bone)

kyph/o

humpback

lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebral arch)

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle

ligament/o

liagment

lord/o

curve; swayback

lumb/o

lower back; loin

malleol/o

malleolus

mandibul/o

mandible (lower jaw bone)

maxill/o

maxilla (upper jaw bone)

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

my/o

muscle

myel/o

spinal cord; bone marrow

myocardi/o

myocardium (heart muscle)

myos/o

muscle

olecran/o

olecranon (elbow)

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

patell/o

patella

ped/o

child; foot

pelv/i

pelvis; hip region

perone/o

fibula

phalang/o

phalanges (of fingers and toes)

plant/o

sole of the foot

pub/o

pubis (anterior part of hip bone)

radi/o

x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

rheumat/o

watery flow

sacr/o

sacrum

sarc/o

flesh (connective tissue)

scapul/o

scapula; shoulder back

scoli/o

crooked; bent

spondyl/o

vertebra (backbone)

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

synov/o

synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon

tars/o

tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (7 bones between the foot and the leg)

ten/o

tendon

tendin/o

tendon

thorac/o

chest

tibi/o

tibia (shin bone)

uln/o

ulna (medial lower arm bone)

vertebr/o

vertebra (backbone)

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