One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress.
The same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress.
The ability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
They are people that choose to cast each state's vote in a presidential election. Each state can cast one electoral vote for each senator and representative it has.
A president's subordinates report to him though a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff.
Several of the president's assistants report directly to him.
Ad hoc Structure
Several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters.
The heads of the fifteen executive branch department of the federal government.
The president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.
A message from the president to the congress stating that he will not sign a bill that it has passed. Must be produced within ten days of the bill's passage.
A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before congress adjourns.
An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
The authority of congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that congress does not have his power.
Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representative.
A person still in office after he or she has lost a bid for reelection.