What are new, emerging, and re-emerging zoonoses (definition)?
Those that are caused either by new agents, or by previously known agents appearing places or species in which they were previously unknown.
What are endemic zoonoses?
Those that are constantly present in a certain population.
What are some ways that a zoonotic disease can be transmitted?
What is risk?
Probability of occurrence and consequences
What are "consequences"?
Severity of disease, treatment options, duration of illness, costs
Name some pathogens with fecal-oral transmission pathway.
Name some notifiable zoonoses, as defined by the Health Protection (Notification) Regulations 2010.
E. coli O157
Infectious bloody diarrhea
Viral hemorrhagic fever
Name some reportable zoonoses, which are a legal duty for employers to report to staff.
How do you asses risk of infection with a pathogen originating from a food animal?
1. Evidence on the prevalence of the hazard in the target population
2. Information about the biology of the hazard: transmission pathways, survival in the environment, infective dose, etc
3. Consequences of exposure in humans (severity, disease, duration, cost)
What are the three risk management approaches?
What are some good hygiene practices to prevent spread of zoonoses?
-Do not eat or smoke while around animals
-Use personal protective equipment as appropriate (gloves, mask, aprons)
-Wash your hands after treating animals
-Clean equipment that has been exposed to animals
-Safely dispose of contaminated material
What does CoSHH stand for?
Control of substances hazardous to health
What is the CoSHH assessment in veterinary medicine?
Assess the harmful effects that the use of medicines might have for people who come into contact with them.
How many cases does food-borne Campylobacter cause each year in the UK?
What are the steps in the CoSHH assessment in veterinary medicine?
-Do I need to treat?
-What are the hazards related to the range of products available?
-Who might be harmed and how?
-Implement controls as indicated.