Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
obstruct access to, in this case ports for trade to economically ruin England.
Napoleon's brother, apponted king of Holland, ignored the Continental System.
More effective than Napoleon's Continental System because they had a stronger navy to enforce it.
War of 1812
Caused by British blockade of American trade with France, US war with England helps Napoleon's cause.
Spanish Rebels (guerrillas), with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
Small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks.
Invasion of Russia
Caused by Napoleon being angered by czar Alexander I refusal to obey the continental System and jealousy and desire for Poland.
scorched earth policy
Burning live stock and crops to prevent the enemy from living off the land. Used by the retreating Russians as Napoleon marched further from his own supply centers.
Battle of Borodino
Bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic era, fought in Borodino outside of Moscow; both sides had terrible losses, but the Russian army was not defeated; Napoleon gained nothing substantial and when Moscow was burned, the French forces were left completely cut off. Napoleon regarded this battle as a loss.
Russian capital, evacuated by Russian government and destroyed rather than let Napoleon have it. Harsh Russian winter there eventually forces French retreat that ends in disaster.
German city where Napoleon lost to the allied Russia, Prussia, and Austria and was officially sent to Elba off the coast of Italy.
The Hundred Days
Napoleon Bonaparte's escape from exile on Elba, overthrowing the unpopular King Louis XVIII and returning to be emperor until his final defeat by the European coalition.
Napoleon met his final defeat, Located in Belgium; the British army with the help of Prussian army forces victorious.
Place of napoleons second/last exile and death; located in the south Atlantic off the west coast of Africa.
Duke of Wellington
Leader of the combined British and Prussian army; would defeat Napoleon at Waterloo.
Alexis de Tocqueville
French writer who summed up Napoleon; "...as great a man can be without virtue."