organized arm Blacks rebelled, spread panic, caused the death of a mayor
president that caused the overthrow of Southern Society. Elected in 1861. Pro-union
elected as a senator/secretary of war. Became confederate president.
First battle of the Civil War. Cannon fire by Confederates, Union surrendered.
Pummeled the fort with artillery bombardment. (Confederate)
capital of the Confederacy
Unionist, led troops to Richmond.
Battle fought after Beauregard's plan failed. Fought by mobs. Confederates won both battles.
"Stonewall", fought at Bull Run and threw men into action.
Ulysses S. Grant
Soldier for the North, general for the Union. Known as a drunk but promoted by Lincoln.
Battle in Tennessee, led by Grant.
General, leader of Union army. Tended to withhold from fighting. Lincoln forced him to fight at Virginia.
Robert E. Lee
Came up with the offensive over defensive strategy. Fought at the 7-day battle.(Confederate)
Battle; McClellan vs. Lee; Battle won by North. First major battle across the
Lincoln's document that freed slaves, published days after the battle at Antietam
Creek. Major impact on North.
Army commanded by John C. Pemberton; visited by Grant.
Fight at Cemetery/Ambrose Hill. Confederates drove Union soldiers out.
Confederate general wanted soldiers to charge at Union lines, was a complete failure, and many soldiers died.
Black division slaughtered here.
Led by Grant, union forces made Confederates retreat.
William T. Sherman
burnt and plundered all Southern presumptions of independence. Cut off communications. Campaign cost a million dollars.
Election of 1864
Lincoln argued for continuing the war, seen as "mandate"
Columbia, South Carolina
capital, bunt down by Sherman; first state to secede.
Appomattox Court House
Lee and Grant meet here to see Lee surrendered.