5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- exocrine glands
- thyroid-stimulating hormone
- a chemical substances that circulate through the blood & exert some measure of control over virtually every organ & tissue
- b (STH) Released from the anterior pituitary gland to target most cells to promote growth
- c (TSH) Produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland & bind to receptors on cells of the thyroid gland, which in turn stimulates the synthesis of thyroxin. Regulated through a negative feed back loop.
- d Hypersecretion of the GH in adults which causes an overgrowth of bones in the hands, feet, and face. Treatment; removal of tumour, radiation, drugs.
- e release their secretions through ducts or tubes onto a body surface or into a cavity. ex. sweat, salivary or tear glands
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- produced by corpus luteum, inhibits development of other follicles & inhibits production of LH. Works with estrogen to promote further development of the uterine lining (endometrium) in preparation for the embryo to become implanted in the uterine lining. a pregnancy hormone.
- hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
- produced by follicles, causes endometrium to thicken & increase the blood supply to prepare for possible pregnancy. Acts to inhibit levels of FSH (-ve feedback system) & stimulates the hypothalamus to release large amts. of LH.
- Condition of congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone slowing growth and causing short yet proportionate stature (not affecting intelligence), often treated during childhood with growth hormone. Puberty may be delayed or not occur at all.
- gland at the base of the brain that, together with the hypothalamus, functions as a control centre, coordinating the endocrine & nervous systems. Composed of 2 separate lobes; posterior & anterior
5 True/False Questions
cortisol → chemical substances that circulate through the blood & exert some measure of control over virtually every organ & tissue
addison's disease → -due to hypersecretion of glucocorticoids due to either elevated levels of ACTH or a tumour on the adrenal gland. Symptoms include high bl. press., high bl. sugar. Treatment; removal of tumour
gigantism → A deficiency condition in children primarily caused by a lack of vitamin D; may also result from inadequate intake or excessive loss of calcium
endocrine system → ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream. ex. pituitary, adrenal glands
hypothyroidism → can be caused by iodine deficiency. Symptoms; reduced metabolic rate, decreased heart rate, weight gain but decreased appetite, goiter etc.. Treatment; add iodine to diet at an early age