history final exam

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foundation of civilization hist 1110

The dominant people of the Asian steppe were the:

Xiongnu

Emperor Zheng of the Qin dynasty accomplished all of the following except:

he eliminated the nobility as a distinct designation of status in society.

The 400 years of Han rule are divided into two cycles known as:

the Western Han dynasty and the Eastern Han dynasty

The Han Empire was distinguished by:

: the alliance between the imperial family and the scholar-gentry class.

In order to staff the bureaucracy, the Han dynasty:

established institutions of learning, including an imperial university.

Zheng, the first emperor of the Qin dynasty:

forced the rulers of defeated states to move to his capital, Chang'an, so he could assure himself that they were not plotting rebellion.

In Han social ideals:

Answer: peasants were honored for their productive labors while merchants were subject to a range of controls.

The Han Empire's most loyal and formidable social group was:

scholar officials

The Qin dynasty

established a uniform written script that aided communication among bureaucrats, regional elites, and clerks.

In China, monumental architecture was associated with:

palaces and tombs of rulers

In comparison with Han China, Roman expansion and empire building were characterized by:

a process of continual experimentation, innovation, and adaptation.

The most prominent characteristic of the Roman and Han Empires was:

vast sizes in land and population.

The Code of Manu:

created tremendous social and religious pressure on individuals to obey social norms.

For the Western Bantu, the decisive new crop introduced into the rain forests of central Africa was

Th Banana

The Buddhist scholar Kumarajiva did all of the following except

merge Buddhism and Confucianism into a single religious tradition.

The Mayans are characterized by all of the following except which?

The Mayans established a funerary tradition that emphasized the body's slow decomposition while exposed to the elements so that the soul would return to nature.

After the fall of the Han dynasty:

the Tuoba people from Inner Mongolia established the Wei dynasty.

In Mayan society, the people were defined by:

their shared religion, worldview, and sense of purpose.

The Daoist tradition associated with Ge Hong:

emphasized the use of trances and meditation to control human physiology

Brahmanism:

did not claim to be a universal faith.

The form of Buddhism that became a universalistic religion was:

Mahayana.

The changes in the Brahmanic religion include all of the following except:

clear rejection of all Buddhist and Jainist practices.

The "barbarian" rulers of northern China:

maintained many Chinese traditions of statecraft.

The civil wars that marked the end of the Han dynasty:

led to the opening up of China to Western influences and encouraged the spread of Buddhism.

The Tang military in China:

relied upon pastoral nomadic soldiers on its frontiers.

The Orthodox Christian Church spread its faith to:

Russia and the Balkans.

The language that emerged in East Africa that combined the Bantu language with Arabic was:

Swahili.

Monasticism rapidly took hold in northern Europe for all of the following reasons except:

the vast charitable works of monks and nuns throughout society brought popular support to monastic life.

All of the following characterize Charlemagne except:

he introduced to Europe an urban-based culture that valued educated citizens over warriors

In early Islamic society, women:

had a shifting status as patriarchy was only starting to emerge in the Arabian communities.

The Abbasid movement:

: was united by frustration with discrimination against non-Arab converts to Islam

Unlike Christianity and Buddhism, Islam:

established new empires to defend and spread the Islamic faith.

-In order to integrate and hold together its diverse empire, the Tang dynasty relied on:

an efficient and loyal civil service versed in Confucian political culture.

Under the Tang dynasty, the civil service examination system:

allowed commoners from southern China to outperform the aristocratic families of northern China.

Wu Zhao:

achieved power by placing her youngest son on the throne and declaring herself regent.

In the late Tang dynasty, Buddhism:

was increasingly persecuted by secular rulers and Confucian scholar-administrators.

Muhammad's most insistent message was:

the oneness of God.

The Vikings' success resulted from what technological advantage?

sophisticated ships that could travel up rivers and across open ocean waters

In Japan, the emperor:

was regarded as a divine force in his own right

The Koryo kingdom in Korea began to construct a cultural identity for itself by:

establishing a bureaucratic system aimed at replacing the tribal system.

In Islamic slavery between 1000 and 1300 CE:

slaves served as sailors and dockworkers and could obtain positions of high authority in the military.

All of the following correctly characterize Cahokia except:

Cahokia was destroyed when North Americans from the Great Plains attacked and burned the settlement in a territorial dispute.

In the Islamic world by 1300 CE:

conflicts emerged between new converts to Islam with different cultural traditions and traditional Islamic leaders who condemned these traditions.

Commercial cities that served as meeting points between distant cultures are called:

entrepôts.

Unlike China, Japanese rulers:

were unable to centralize power over private landowners.

Sufis

spoke to the religious beliefs and experiences of ordinary men and women.

The rulers of the Russian lands looked to ________ for their religious and political models.

Byzantium

All of the following concerning the Crusades are true except:

Muslim leaders viewed the Christian knights as a threat to the Islamic heartland.

All of the following characterize the Muslim thinker Ibn Rushd except:

he believed faith and reason were not compatible.

In the Delhi sultanate:

the Muslim newcomers and local populations amalgamated their cultures.

All of the following are true regarding the commercial city of Quilon except which?

Sailors and traders did not observe local customs as the city was so exposed to foreign influences.

Sources for the Mongol conquests of the thirteenth century include all of the following except:

the desire to spread the Mongol faith to all peoples.

Mansa Musa ruled over ________, a West African kingdom, during the fourteenth century.

Mali

All of the following correctly characterize the period between 1000 and 1300 CE except which?

As the world became more interconnected, the world's people and cultures became more similar.

The Christian scholar who sought to show that everything gradually converged to prove that Christianity was the only religion that fully met the aspirations of all rational human beings was:

Thomas Aquinas.

Which of the following thirteenth-century worlds was so commercially sophisticated that a system of paper currency was in use?

Song dynasty

The Islamic state founded by Turkish warriors in northern India during the thirteenth century was:

the Delhi sultanate.

Which of the following statements best describes the Mongols' legacy in world history?

They encouraged extensive cross-cultural contacts and long-distance trade.

Christian power in the Mediterranean was most strongly enhanced by:

Christian conquests in Spain and Sicily.

The first empire in South America was:

the Chimú Empire.

When Kubilai Khan conquered the Southern Song dynasty in China:

he allowed the Chinese elite to continue to govern local affairs.

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