guarantees freedom of religion, speech, assembly, and press, and the right of people to petition the government
protects the rights of states to maintain a militia and of citizens to bear arms
restricts quartering of troops in private homes
protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures"
assures the right not to be deprived of "life, liberty, or property, without due process of law"
guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury
assures the right to a jury trial in cases involving the common law (the law established by previous court decisions)
protects against excessive bail, or cruel and unusual punishment
provides that people's rights are not restricted to those specified in the first eight amendments
restates the constitution's principle of federalism by providing that powers not granted to the national government nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states and to the people