Works Progress Administration (WPA)
relief program. big deal! employed 3.4 million people between 1935 and 1940. employed all kinds of people, ranging from artists to engineers and actors to construction workers. the WPA was the largest of the relief administrations and essentially paid people to do what they did before the crash (ie: artists were paid to paint, ppl were paid to build bridges)
National Youth Administration (NYA)
relief program. part of the WPA, provided part time jobs to help young people stay in high school and college, or just until they could get a real job with a private employer.
Resettlement Administration (RA)
relief program. provided loans to sharecroppers, tenants, and small farmers. also established federal camps where migrant workers could find decent housing (think Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath)
National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
reform law. major labor law, was meant to replace NIRA. guaranteed a worker's right to join a union and a union's right to bargain collectively. also outlawed unfair business practices and created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to enforce the law.
Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
reform law. provided loans for electrical cooperatives to supply power in rural areas.
Social Security Act
BIG DEAL!!! created a federal insurance program based upon the automatic collection of taxes from employees and employers throughout people's working careers. the trust fund would then be used to make monthly payments to retired people over the age of 65. also, people who also received benefits under this law: workers who lost their job (unemployment compensation), blind or otherwise disabled people, and dependent children and their mothers.
Fair Labor Standards Act
(technically not part of 2nd new deal but important) established a minimum wage, maximum work week of 40 hours (with time and a half for overtime), and child labor restrictions on those under 16.