Independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance.
Those rights that prohibit government from acting in certain ways.
Those rights of individuals in their private capacity, such as the rights to life and liberty.
All rights of a citizen in a free society that are clearly expressed and guaranteed by the Constitution and implied by natural laws.
Those rights that require overt government action, as opposed to negative rights that require government not to act in specified ways.
Moral or legal claims justified in ways that are generally accepted within a society or the international community.
compelling state interest
A public or common good claimed to take precedence over individual interests or, in some cases, rights.
An official, state-sponsored religion, such as those in dozens of countries that have official state religions.
The part of the First Amendment that prohibits the government from declaring an official religion.
free exercise clause
The part of the First Amendment stating that Congress shall make no laws that prevent people from holding whatever religious beliefs they choose or that unfairly or unreasonably limit the right to practice religious beliefs.
separation of church and state
A basic principle of American government that no single religion should be favored by government over other religions, nor should government interfere with the right to practice or not practice religious beliefs.
Published words or pictures that falsely and maliciously defame a person.
Written language that seeks to convince others to engage in the overthrow of a government.
time, place, and manner restrictions
Government regulations that place restrictions on free speech. These regulations, specifying when, where, and in what way speech is allowed, are applied when unrestricted free speech will conflict with the rights of others.