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I think i'm missing the T & C ch 27C so if someone has those... please add them

The Great War

what WWI was known as at the time

Stalemate

A contest in which no one wins

Sick Man of Europe

The ottoman Empire since they lacked unity and military might

Three Emperor's League

alliance of Germany, Russia, and Austro-Hungary against radical movements in 1873

The Triple Alliance

Italy, Germany, and Austria in 1878

Alliance of the Three Emperors

A brokered alliance set up by Bismark in 1881. It stopped any further division of the Ottoman Empire. It teamed everyone together incase a battle broke out to come to each other's defence

Anglo-French Entente

the 1904 agreement between the two that settled all oustanding imperialistic disputes

Agleciras Conferences

the conference where German Tried to yank Morocco from France. B/c Britain supported France and France didn't back down to Germany, Germany left the conference early

Alfred Von Tirpitz

Naval admiral heading the German fleet. He feared the growing threat of the British Navy

David Lloyd George

Prime Minister of England during and after the war

Serbia

a country that became openly hostile to Ottoman Empire and to the Austro-Hungarian Empire

The First Balkan War

1912 - Serbia allies w/ other Balkan countries against the Ottomans

The Second Balkan War

1913- Austria intervenes and makes Serbia give up Albania

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Heir to the Austrian throne, he was assassinated w/ his wife Sophie by a Servian nationalist living in Sarajevo, Bosnia 1914

The Black Hand

Ultranationalist Serbs

William II

Emperor of Germany at start of WWI (the kaiser)

The Third Balkan War

Austria declares war on Serbia

Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg

chancellor of Germany at start of war. He gave Austria a blank check

Tsar Nicholas II

the tsar of Russia during the war

the Schlieffen Plan

knocking out France by attacking it through Belgium

Belgian neutrality

Not wanting to allow Germany to invade France, its territory was violated by Germany

total war

complete involvement in a war effort by all civilians in an all-out cultural support

Henri Phillip Petain

Most famous and effetive French general during the war

Clemenceau

Leader of France during the war

Members of the Central Powers

Germany, Austro-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire

League of Nations

attempt by the Allies to build an organization that would bring peace and cooperation to the world. Ultimately, the U.S. wouldn't join for foear of being drawn into another war and ultimately, it would fail and fold

The treaty of Brest-Litovsk

German non-agression pact with Russia after WWI

Bolshevik Revolution

the Russian Revolution of 1917 that brought Communism to Russia and ended centuries of tsarist rule

The Fourteen Points

Wilson's peace plan that stressed civil rights and self-determination

Treaty of Versailles

this treaty ended the war and declared Germany the loser

Henry Cabot Lodge

the leading US Senator who was against the League of Nations, said that it gave away Congress' right to declare war

Isolationism

American policy adopted after the war of not getting involved w/ European problems. Some consider this a huge mistake, it allowed things to get out of hand and dictators to come to power in Europe later

Social Democratic Party

leftist leaning party in Germany, not as radical as the communists of Russia, favored "gradual" elimination of captialism not radical overthrow like in Russia

Causes of WWI

1. nationalism, 2. balkanization, 3. Panslavism, 4. Imperialism, 5. Expansion of military might, 6. Military alliances 7. started w/ assassination of archduke ferdinand

Battle of the Marne

The first battle of WWI

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