A disease that breaks down the body's immune system. Caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrom (AIDS)
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection.
Short rod-shape bacteria. They are the msot common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
Bacteria (singular; bacterium)
Capable of destroying bacteria.
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
Detergents that break down stubborn fils and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
Chelating Soaps (a.k.a Chelating Detergents)
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. It also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection. This is what cosmetologist are required to do before disinfecting.
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
Disease htat is spread from one person to another person. Some of the mroe contagious diseases are the common cold ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
Contagious Disease (a.k.a. Communicable Diesease)
The presenece, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood, or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing this.
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.