What is the number one cause of preventable death?
How many deaths in smoking responsible for out of every 7?
How many kids every day have their first cigarette?
How many teens become regular smokers each day?
What are the two main reasons people use tobacco?
advertising and nicotine addiction
Who is advertising for smoking aimed at?
How many million people die each year from smoking?
Why are teens ideal customers?
teens will be long term customers and they are impressionable
What percent of smokers start as teens?
What is the active ingredient in tobacco?
What does nicotine do?
triggers the stress response (heart rate and blood pressure rise)
What are some symptoms of withdrawal?
cravings, low blood pressure, nausea, headache, anxiety, drowsiness, irritability
How many hazardous compounds are found in a cigarette?
What are some examples of hazardous compounds found in a cigarette?
tar, ammonia, formaldehyde
What is a carcinogen?
a cancer causing agent
How many carcinogens are in a cigarette?
What does the tar in cigarettes do to lungs?
-makes the mucus abnormally which leads to coughing
What is emphysema?
a disease which makes is hard to breathe
you will eventually suffocate and die of a heart attack or stroke
What is bronchitis?
thick mucus in the lungs, deep, hard coughing
What are some examples of cancers that are linked with smoking?
How does nicotine affect the heart?
raises heart rate and blood pressure, reduces oxygen that blood can carry, triggers blood clots, reduces blood to the heart
What are the 4 types of smoke?
mainstream smoke, sidestream smoke, exhale smoke, and environmental tobacco smoke
What is mainstream smoke?
smoke that is inhaled by the smoker
What is sidestream smoke?
smoke that comes from burning tobacco (smoke that comes from the end of the cigarette)
What is exhaled smoke?
smoke that the smoker breathes out
What is environmental tobacco smoke?
sidestream smoke and exhaled smoke
also known as secondary smoke
What are 4 health risks of passive smoking?
-allergies, asthma, headaches, nausea, eye irritation
-babies and children have twice the risk for lung and ear infections
What is the 3rd leading preventable cause of death?
How many people does passive smoking kill every year?
What is the main ingredient in smoke?
What are three types of smokeless tobacco?
What is chewing tobacco?
small leaves left in cheek in wad, must spit
What is snuff?
shredded tobacco left in lower lip (also called dip), must spit
What is snus?
fine tobacco in a pouch with small holes put in lower lip, dissolves
do not have to spit
What are four health risks of smokeless tobacco?
-nasal, cheek, gum, and throat tumors
-tooth and gum disease
-mouth and throat cancer
What is leukoplakia?
whitish, grayish patches in mouth, pre-cancerous
What form of tobacco dulls taste buds?
Is smokeless tobacco a safer substitute for smoking?
How do companies for smokeless tobacco market to teens?
When and why were steroids invented?
developed in the 20th century during world war two to make German soldiers stronger
What are the two main types of steroids?
cortico and anabolic
How do steroids work?
-increase body's muscle production
List the dangers of steroid use.
-associated with cancers
-anxiety and anger
What happens when a user stops taking steroids?
positive effects wear off
What is the best way to attain the strength and body shape desired?
through hard work and good diet
Are steroids addictive? How?
yes, because people get addicted to the effects of the steroids
What are the signs that someone is using steroids?
-sudden weight gain
-repetitive injuries of tendons
What are the three general reasons people use drugs?
-the nature of the person
-the nature of the drug
-the consequences of society
What are 6 examples of the nature of the person?
-escape from problems
What is the reason people would use drugs based on the nature of the drug?
drugs which produce euphoria (sense of well being or pleasure) are most likely to be abused
What is euphoria?
sense of well being or pleasure
What are three consequences of society for a drug user?
-choice can be affected by popular punishments
-mixed messages: media vs. education
-education is not enough
How many more times use of narcotics do doctors have than most people?
What are endorphins?
chemicals which produce pleasure in response to activities
What is dysphoria?
unpleasant feeling when endorphins are lacking
common forms: Ritalin, Adderall
withdrawal: fatigue, depression, poor sleep patterns
dangers (short/long term): high heart rate and blood pressure, high temperature, seizures, liver cancer / paranoia
common forms: solvents, propellants, medical
dangers (short/long term): death, hemorrhage / total organ damage
Prescription Pain Killers
common forms: Oxycontin, Vicodin, Demero
withdrawal: restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting
dangers (short/long term): respiratory depression, overdose
**dangerous when mixed with alcohol
Sedatives and Barbiturates
common forms: Phenobarbitol, alcohol, sedatives
withdrawal: anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, possible death
dangers: coma, death (when taken without medical assistance)
common forms: Ecstasy, GHB, Rohynol
withdrawal: insomnia, tremors, sweating
dangers: addiction, death, high heart rate, heart disease, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, chills, sweating, coma
common forms: smoked and eaten (dope, mary jane, pot)
withdrawal: insomnia, hyperactivity, decreased appetite
dangers: memory loss, short attention span, rapid and irregular heart beat, impaired immune response, low sperm count
common forms: LSD, PCP, peyote mushrooms
dangers; death, bad trip, seizures, coma
common forms: Dexadrine, Didrex
withdrawal: long sleep, depression, disorientation, apathy
dangers: heart attack, kidney failure, death, hallucinations, convulsions
common forms: smoked, sniffed, injected (coke, crack, snow)
withdrawal: apathy, long periods of sleep
dangers: destroys nasal tissue, chronic fatigue, heart attack, stroke, seizures
**cocaine robs baby of oxygen and nutrients
common forms: heroin, morphine, codeine
withdrawal: watery eyes, runny nose, loss of appetite, chills, sweating, cramps, nausea
dangers: slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin
How much hard liquor is a drink?
How much of a wine cooler is a drink? (alca-pop)
1 wine cooler
How much beer is a drink?
How much wine is a drink?
How does alcohol market to kids?
hard lemonade, etc.
What is proof?
the amount of alcohol in a drink
the proof is double the amount of alcohol
100 proof = 50% alcohol
What describes a moderate drinker?
won't get drunk, drinks limited alcohol
What describes a social drinker?
drinks at social gatherings, can be bad or good
What describes a binge drinker?
drinks too much in a short amount of time
What describes a problem drinker?
problems in life due to alcohol
What describes an addict?
What are 5 factors that affect BAC?
-amount of alcohol consumed
-speed at which it is consumed
-body weight (affects thinner people more)
-gender (affects females more)
-amount of food consumed
What are immediate effects of moderate drinking?
-affects the nerves that set limits on behavior, lose awareness (pain insecurities), speech, vision, sleep, emotions
-warms up and becomes red
-breaks down toxin to waste, can handle 1 drink per hour
What are immediate effects of excessive drinking?
loss of judgment, speech, vision and coordination, vomiting (alcohol poisoning), passing out
What causes a hangover?
other toxins in alcohol than alcohol (congeners)
dehydration of the brain
formaldehyde- forms when body breaks down alcohol
What is the only cure for a hangover?
What are long term effects of excessive drinking?
high blood pressure- heart attack, stroke
FAS- fetal alcohol syndrome