Total Physical Response invented by James Asher. The learner responds to language input with body motions
Doe vs. Plyer
Public schools are prohibited from denying immigrant students access to public education
50/50 both content and literacy in both languages. (Horace Mann in Wichita)
ESL Immersion Program
An approach in which the target language is used exclusively to provide all instruction
ESL teacher comes to the students in the regular classroom.
LEP students are 'pulled out' of regular, mainstream classrooms for special instruction in ESL.
Air flow is constricted, but not stopped. (fluff, verve, sip, hop, she, sip
Future Perfect Tense
Indicates completed action in the future (Will have taken)
Home Language Survey
A federally mandated questionnaire that school administer to newly enrolled students to determin whether a language other than English is spoken in the home
Lau vs. Nichol
Ensured that English was taught to all in order to provide equal access to educational opportunities
Focuses on teaching communicative skills. Low anxiety. Focus is on meaning rather than form.
Verb ending in 'ed' (cleaned, scared)
Performance Based Approach
measures progress in terms of what real world tasks students are able to accomplish. Includes portfolios, checklists, reading logs.
a sound that makes a difference in language
The study of psychological states and mental activity associated with the use of language
Sheltered ESL Class
Using simplified English in a classroom for content based instruction
A period of time when ESL students do not speak (2 weeks to 1 Year)
Teacher remains mostly silent and students are encouraged to discover rules and solve problems on their own. Learning through discovery.
Strategy Based Instruction
Includes test taking techniques and study skills
Teachers are bilingual and have an ESL endorsement and use the students' native language to clarify English instructions
Compare more than 2 things ...end in est.(fastest, closest)
Comparing 2 things. Uses the ending of 'er (bigger, faster, taller)
The relative emphasis given to certain syllables in a word.
Wide reading is how most new words are acquired. Instruction embedded in the reading process. Taking advantage of discovery learning.
Providing definitions and examples. Pronounce, explain, provide examples, elaborate, and assess. Step by Step - carefully organized systematic instruction
to vocabulary is critical for learning
Words with similar roots in L1 and L2. Should be pointed out to students
words that sound similar, but have no meaning in common