Praxis II (0041/0049) Major authors and works

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Katherine Patterson

wrote A Bridge to Terabithia

Christopher Paul Curtis

wrote Bud Not Buddy, The Watsons Go to Birmingham

Lois Lowry

wrote The Giver, Number the Stars

Louis Sacher

wrote Holes

Ester Forbes

wrote Johnny Tremain

Mildred Taylor

wrote Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry

Patricia Maclachlan

wrote Sarah Plain and Tall

Phyllis Reynolds Taylor

wrote Shiloh

William Armstrong

wrote Sounder

Elizabeth George Speare

wrote Witch of Blackbird Pond

Madeline L'Engle

wrote A Wrinkle in Time, A Swiftly Tilting Planet, A Wind in the Door, The Small Rain, 24 Days before Christmas

Ruth Avi

wrote The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle

Gary Paulson

wrote Hatchet

Mark Twain

wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Paul Zindel

wrote The Pigman

Carl Hiaason

wrote Hoot

Avi

wrote Crispin, Nothing But The Truth

Caroline Cooney

wrote The Voice on the Radio

Robert Cormier

wrote The Chocolate War

Sandra Cisneros

wrote The House on Mango Street

Walter Dean Myers

wrote The Glory Field

Elie Wiesel

wrote Night

Edith Wharton

wrote Ethan Frome

Alice Walker

wrote The Color Purple; American author, self-declared feminist and womanist; won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

S.E. Hinton

wrote The Outsiders

Mildred Taylor

wrote Roll of Thunder

George Orwell

wrote 1984, Animal Farm; dark satire on Stalinist totalitarianism

1984

book written by George Orwell, announced an insane world of dehumanization through terror in which the individual was systematically obliterated by an all-power elite; key phrases: Big Brother, doublethink, Newspeak, the Ministry of Peace...Truth...Love

Marjorie Kinnan Rawling

wrote The Yearling

Scott O'Dell

wrote Island of Blue Dolphins

Jean Craighead George

wrote Julie of the Wolves

Jack London

wrote The Call of the Wild, Sea-Wolf, White Fang

JRR Tolkein

wrote The Hobbit

Richard Adams

wrote Watership Down

CS Lewis

wrote The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe

Emily Bronte

wrote Wuthering Heights

Charlotte Bronte

wrote Jane Eyre

Virgil

wrote The Aeneid

The Aeneid

A Trojan (Aeneas) destined to found Rome, undergoes many trials on land and sea during his journey to Italy, finally defeating the Latin Turnus and avenging the murder of Pallas.

Lewis Carroll

wrote Alice In Wonderland

Alice In Wonderland

a girl (Alice) falls asleep and dreams of a series of adventures; children's novel; fantasy

Animal Farm

a group of animals mount a successful rebellion against the farmer who rules them, but their dreams of equality for all are ruined when one pig seizes power; novella, dystopian animal fable

Anna Karenina

after having an affair with a handsome military man, a woman kills herself; russion, 1970s, psychological novel

Leo Tolstoy

wrote Anna Karenina, War and Peace; Russian writer, realistic fiction

The Pigman

told in chapters alternating from Lorraine's and John's point of view, opens with an "Oath," signed by both John and Lorraine, two high school sophomores, in which they swear to tell only the facts, in this "memorial epic" about their experiences with Angelo Pignati

William Shakespeare

wrote Sonnet 18, Hamlet, and Macbeth; greatest playwright who ever lived, prolific poet, known for sonnets

Sonnet 18

"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? / Thou art more lovely and more temperate;" Shakespearean couplet with ABAB CDCE EFEF GG rhyme scheme

Johann David Wyss

wrote The Swiss Family Robinson

Kate Chopin

wrote The Awakening, The Storm; feminist author of the 20th century; born in St. Louis, Missouri

Sylvia Plath

wrote The Bell Jar; born during the great depression

The Bell Jar

a young woman (Esther Greenwood) whose talent and intelligence have brought her close to achieving her dreams must overcome suicidal tendencies

Toni Morrison

wrote Beloved, The Bluest Eye, and Song of Soloman; female, African-American writer, won Pulitzer Prize in 1988

Beloved

an ex-slave is haunted by the memory of the daughter she killed; historical fiction, ghost story; characters include: Baby Suggs, Denver, Sethe

Beowulf

a great warrior, goes to Denmark on a successful mission to kill Grendel; he returns home to Geatland, where he becomes king and slays a dragon before dying; poem; alliterative verse, elegy, small scale heroic epic; author unknown; setting around 500 AD

Herman Melville

wrote Billy Budd, Sailor; Moby Dick; classified as a Dark Romantic; American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet

The Call of the Wild

a pampered dog (Buck) adjusts to the harsh realities of life in the North as he struggles with his recovered wild instincts and finds a master (John Thorton) who treats him right; novel, adventure story, setting late 1890s

Geoffrey Chaucer

wrote The Canterbury Tales

Fyodor Dostoevsky

wrote Crime and Punishment; Russian writer, essayist, philosopher

Crime and Punishment

in an attempt to prove a theory, a student (Raskolnikov) murders two women, after which he suffers greatly from guilt and worry; psychological drama, setting in the 1860s

Charles Dickens

wrote David Copperfield, Great Expectations; English novelist during Victorian era

David Copperfield

after surviving a poverty-stricken childhood, the death of his mother, a cruel stepfather, and an unfortunate first marriage, a boys finds success as a writer; themes: plight of the weak, importance of equality in marriage, dangers of wealth and class

The Giver

it is set in a future society which is at first presented as a utopian society and gradually appears more and more dystopian; therefore, it could be considered anti-utopian; the novel follows a boy named Jonas through the twelfth year of his life; book allegedly glorified Communism

Anne Frank

wrote The Diary of a Young Girl (autobiographical literature set between 1942-1944) 1st published in 1952, chronicles her life in Nazi Germany

Christopher Marlowe

wrote Doctor Faustus

Helen Keller

wrote The Story of My Life and The Frost King; American author, political activist, lecturer; first deafblind person to earn BA

Harper Lee

wrote To Kill a Mockingbird; American author

To Kill a Mockingbird

Southern gothic novel; bildungsroman; narrator: Scout; serious issues dealing with rape and inequality

John Keats

wrote "On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer," "To Autumn," and "Bright Star, Would I Were Stedfast As Thou Art;" English poet in Romantic movement during early 19th century; motifs include departures and reveries, the five sense and art, and the disappearance of the poet and the speaker; symbols include music and musicians, nature, and the ancient world

Louisa May Alcott

wrote Little Women; American novelist

Little Women

four March sisters (Amy, Jo, Beth, Meg) in 19th century New England struggle with poverty, juggle their duties, and their desire to find love

Zora Neale Hurston

wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God; 20th century African-American writer; folklorist during the Harlem Renaissance

Their Eyes Were Watching God

after two marriages to oppressive men, a woman (Janie Crawford) finds temporary happiness with a husband twelve years her junior; themes: the illusion of power, non-necessity of relationships, folkloric quality of religion

SE Hinton

wrote The Outsiders

The Outsiders

a group of poor kids (greasers) hold their own against a group of rich kids (socials aka socs), losing two of their own in the process; protagonist: Ponyboy Curtis; bildungsroman; setting 1960s

Moby Dick

a monomaniacal captain tries and fails to kill a monstrous white whale; adventure story, quest tale, allegory; protagonist: Ishmael, Ahab; antogonist: Ahab, great white sperm whale

JD Salinger

wrote The Catcher in the Rye

The Catcher in the Rye

bildungsroman; after being expelled from a prep school, a 16-year-old boy (Holden Caulfield) goes to NYC, where he reflects on the phoniness of adults and heads towards a nervous breakdown

Mary Shelley

wrote Frankenstein; Romantic British novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, travel writer

Frankenstein

Gothic novel; a scientist creates a monster, and then abandons it in horror, a decision that leads to disaster and the deaths of nearly everyone he loves

Maya Angelou

wrote I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings; African-American autobiographer and poet

Ray Bradbury

wrote Fahrenheit 451, Dandelion Wine

Stephen Crane

wrote Red Badge of Courage; American novelist, short story writer, poet, journalist, raised in NY and NJ; style and technique: naturalism, realism, impressionism; themes: ideals v. realities, spiritual crisis, fears

Daniel Defoe

wrote Robinson Crusoe; known as the father of the English novel

Emily Dickinson

wrote "Wild Nights--Wild Nights!;" "I Heard A Fly Buzz When I Died," and "Because I Could Not Stop For Death--;" 19th century poet; major themes: flowers/gardens, the master poems, morbidity, gospel poems, the undiscovered continent; irregular capitalization, use of dashes & enjambment, took liberty with meter

Frederick Douglass

wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, editor of 'The North Star,' abolitionist, was self-educated slave

Ralph Waldo Emerson

wrote "Self-Reliance;" Transcendentalist poet, essayist, speaker

F. Scott Fitzgerald

wrote The Great Gatsby

Robert Frost

wrote "The Road Not Taken;" American poet; highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech; won Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry four times

Edgar Allan Poe

wrote The Fall of the House of Usher, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, and The Raven; wrote poems: "To Science," "The City and the Sea," and "Silence;" American writer, poet, editor and literary critic; part of American Romantic Movement

Percy Bysshe Shelley

wrote "Prometheus Unbound," "Ode to the West Wind," and "To A Skylark"

Amy Tan

wrote The Joy Luck Club (widely hailed for its depiction of the Chinese-American experience of the late 20th century)

HG Wells

wrote The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine

Walt Whitman

wrote Leaves of Grass; celebrated the freedom and dignity of the individual and sang the praises of democracy

Farenheit 451

in a futuristic America, a firefighter (Guy Montag) decides to buck society, stop burning books, and start seeking knowledge; themes: censorship, knowledge vs. ignorance, religion as a knowledge giver

The Great Gatsby

a self-made man (Gatsby) woos and loses a married aristocratic woman (Daisy) he loves

The Joy Luck Club

a group of Chinese mothers and their American-born daughters struggle to communicate and understand each other; four families dipicted Woo, Jong, Hsu, and St. Clair

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

a black girl growing up in the South struggles against racism, sexism, and lack of power

"Self-Reliance"

NOT anti-society or anti-community; presupposes that the mind is initially the subject to an unhappy conformity; calls on individuals to value their own thoughts, opinions, experiences above those presented to them by other individuals, society, and religion; "There is a time in every man's education when he arrives at the conviction," "society everywhere is in conspiracy against the mankind," and "What I must do is all that concerns me, not what people think."

Nathaniel Hawthorne

wrote "The Birth-Mark," The Scarlet Letter; works are considered part of the Romantic movement (specifically dark romancism)

Henry David Thoreau

wrote "Civil Disobedience;" American author, poet, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, philosopher, and leading transcendentalist

"Civil Disobedience"

an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state

The Red Badge of Courage

a naive young man (Henry Fleming) matures as a result of fighting in the Civil War

William Butler Yeats

wrote "A Fisherman," "The Second Coming," and "Easter 1916;" Irish poet and dramatist; foremost figures of 20th century literature; British WWI poet

Aphra Behn

wrote "History of a Nun;" prolific dramatist of the Restoration (18th century), one of the first English female writers

Elizabeth Barrett Browning

wrote "Aurora Leigh," poet of the Victorian era

Aurora Leigh

epic/novel poem written in blank verse and encompasses nine books (the woman's number, the number of the prophetic books of Sibyl)

TS Eliot

wrote "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land" and "The Hollow Men;" British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic

Virginia Woolf

wrote Mrs. Dalloway, Night and Day, The Voyage Out, and Jacob's Room; English novelist and essayist; one of the foremost modernist literary figures of 20th century

Jane Eyre

an impoverished young woman (Jane) struggles to maintain her autonomy in the face of oppression, prejudice, and love; Gothic novel, bildungsroman, social portest novel

Oscar Wilde

wrote The Picture of Dorian Gray; Irish playwright, poet, and author of numerous short stories and one novel

The Picture of Dorian Gray

the portrait of a sinful young man ages while the young man depicted in the portrait remains youthful; English Gothic novel

Anne Bradstreet

wrote "In Reference to her Children;" English-American writer, first notable American poet; first woman to be published in Colonial America

"In Reference to her Children"

maintains the bird metaphor throughout the poem's ninety-six lines, describing the various "flights" of five of her children and her concerns about those remaining in the nest

Langston Hughes

wrote The Weary Blues, The Ways of White Folks, and Not Without Laughter; American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist; early innovator for literary art known as jazz poetry; best known for work during Harlem Renaissance

Not Without Laughter

the protagonist of the story is a boy named Sandy whose family must deal with a variety of struggles imposed upon them due to their race and class in society in addition to relating to one another

Countee Cullen

wrote "Any Human to Another," "Color," and "The Ballad of the Brown Girl;" American Romantic poet; leading African-American poets of his time; associated with generation of poets of the Harlem Renaissance

Lord Byron

wrote "She Walks in Beauty" and "When We Two Parted;" British poet and leading figure in Romanticism

William Wordsworth

wrote "We Are Seven," "The Prelude," and "The World is Too Much With Us;" English Romantic poet; joint publication of 'Lyrical Ballads' with Samuel Taylor Coleridge; motifs: wanders vs wandering, memory, vision/sight, light, leech gatherer; believed that childhood was a "magical" and magnificent time of innocence; devotion to nature; use of everyday speech and country characters

Macbeth

inspired by witch's prophecy, a man murders his way to the throne of Scotland, but his conscience plagues him and his fellow lords rise up against him; themes: unchecked ambition as a corrupting force, relationship between cruelty and masculinity, kingship v. tyranny

Willa Cather

wrote My Antonia; prolific during the 1920s, reputation as one of the most important post-Civil War American authors

Ernest Hemingway

wrote A Farewell to Arms, The Old Man and the Sea, and The Sun Also Rises; American writer and journalist; veteran of WWI, belongs to literary movement called 'The Lost Generation'

James Joyce

wrote Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man: 20th century Irish author

Robinson Crusoe

a man is shipwrecked on an island, where he lives for more than 20 years, fending off cannibals and creating a pleasant life for himself

William Golding

wrote Lord of the Flies, To the Ends of the Earth; British novelist, poet

Lord of the Flies

a group of English boys (Jack, Piggy, Ralph, Roger, Sam, Eric, and Simon), marooned on an island, rapidly turn lawless and bloodthirsty

Watership Down

heroic fantasy novel about a small group of British rabbits; Fiver, a young runt rabbit who is a seer, receives a frightening vision of his warren's imminent destruction

Washington Irving

wrote "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle;" American author, essayist, biographer, historian

Holes

set in modern times and focuses on the current circumstances of Stanley Yelnats, an unfortunate, unlucky young man who is sent to Camp Green Lake for a crime he didn't commit

Karen Hesse

wrote Out of the Dust

Kate Dicamillo

wrote Because of Winn-Dixie

Sharon Creech

wrote Walk Two Moons

Jerry Spinelli

wrote Maniac Magee

Ben Mikaelson

wrote Touching Spirit Bear

EB White

wrote Charlotte's Web

Wendy Towle

wrote The Real McCoy: The Life of an American Inventor

Nancy Farmer

wrote The Eye, the Ear, and the Arm

Mary Downing Hahn

wrote Time for Andrew: A Ghost Story

Jane Austen

wrote Emma; Pride and Prejudice; Persuasion; Mansfield Park, et al.

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