Frequency of Federal Elections
EVERY even numbered year
Current Speaker of the House of Representatives
Current President of the U.S. Senate
Defined as one more than half
Required popular election of U.S. Senators rather than election by state legislatures.
Term of office of U.S. Senators
Term of office of members of the House of Representatives
Defined as the number of members which must be present to conduct business in a legislative body
Spirit of the Laws
Book by Montesquieu which described the concept of separation of powers
Term used when the legislature passes a law over the veto of the executive
The number of members of the House of Representatives which constitute a quorum
Montesquieu's functions of the legislature
enact laws; amend/repeal laws
Defined as a count of the population taken every ten years to determine apportionment
To bring formal CHARGES against a government official
The number of members of the Senate which constitute a quorum
Montesquieu's functions of the judicial branch
punish criminals [criminal law]; settle disputes between citizens [civil law
Vice President of the United States
The only person in federal government who holds office in two branches of government at the same time.
The "way we divide representation." This is the sole constitutional function of the census.
Journal of proceedings in the Federal House and Senate.
Montesquieu's functions of the executive branch
make peace/war; receive ambassadors; establish public security; provide against invasion
When the president holds a law for less than ten days without signature and Congress adjourns. It is thus rejected.
To allocate money, by law, to be spent from the U.S. Treasury.
The right of the government to take property for public use with fair compensation
Title of the presiding officer of the Maryland State Senate
The branch of the legislature which holds the TRIAL of a Maryland governor's impeachment
Term of office of all elected officials in Maryland [except judges].
Process whereby citizens vote to approve or disapprove of an EXISTING law.
Name of the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
This term basically means that members of the legislative branch are free from prosecution for things said in debate.
Fraction of U.S. Senate up for reelection each two years.
Constitutionally, the office which is allowed to fill vacancies in the U.S. Senate in most states.
Name of the legislative branch in Montgomery County
A legislature which has only one house - example: the County Council.
Name of the legislative branch in the state of Maryland.
Title of the presiding officer in the Maryland House of Delegates.
Process whereby citizens can write, petition to referendum, and pass a new law.
Power exclusive to counties in Maryland which establishes purposes/use of land; a master plan of land usage.
Power to reduce or withhold an individual's sentence by a court.