PHCY402: Med Terms Quiz #3 (Female Reproductive System 2)

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Spring 2012

biopsy

Removal of tissue for microscopic pathological examination

colposcopy

Examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope, a specialized microscope used to examine the vagina and cervix, often with a camera attachment for photographs - used to document findings and follow-up treatments

Papanicolaou smear (Pap)

Study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer and other abnormalities

mammogram

Low-dose x-ray of breast tissue done to detect neoplasms

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy, or remove polyps or products of conception

hysterectomy

Removal of the uterus

laparoscopy

Inspection of the abdominal or pelvic cavity with a laparoscope, an endoscope used to examine the abdominal and pelvic regions

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)

Use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop-configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy and treatment of affected tissue (e.g., cervical dysplasia, human papilloma virus lesions); note that the transformation zone is the area of the cervix where neoplasia (abnormal cell formation) is most likely to arise; aka large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)

oophorectomy

Excision of an ovary

bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

Excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries

tubal ligation

Sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying (ligating) the uterine tubes

lumpectomy

Excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes; most often followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy if cancerous

mastectomy

Removal of a breast

gravida

Pregnant women

nulligravida

Having never been pregnant

para

To bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable (live outside the uterus) offspring

macrosomia

Large-bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies

eclampsia

True toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma

ectopic pregnancy

Implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube, ovary, or (rarely) the abdominal cavity

Rh factor

Presence, or lack, or antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and fetus, resulting in fetal anemia (which causes erythroblastosis fetalis)

hyperemesis gravidarum

Severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus

placenta previa

Displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity

amniocentesis

Aspiration of a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis of possible fetal abnormalities

apisiotomy

Incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery

abortifacient

Drug that causes abortion

tocolytic agent

Drug used to stop labor contractions

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