cell growth phase where a cell increases in size, carries on metabolism, and replicates DNA in preparation for the next stage. Interphase is divided into three sub stages.
The method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a new cell.
The cycle in which cells reproduce by growing and diminishing.
Structures that contain genetic material that is passed from generation to generation of cells.
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus and nuclear material divide.
a more relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
The first and longest stage of mitosis. In this stage, the cell's chromatin tightens, or condenses, into chromosomes.
Structures that contain identical copies of DNA
the structure at the center of the chromosome where the Sister Chromatids are attached.
structure made of spindle fibers, centrioles, and aster fibers that is important in moving and organizing chromosomes before Cell Division.
The second stage of mitosis, the sister Chromatids are pulled apart by motor proteins along the spindle apparatus and towards the center, or equator of the cell.
The third stage, the microtubules of the spindle apparatus begin to shorten. This shortening pulls at the Centromere if each sister Chromatid, causing the sister Chromatid to separated into two identical chromosomes.
The last stage of Mitosis, where the chromosomes arrive at the poles and start to decondense, or to relax.
Gap 1 (G1) Phase
Cell grows and performs normal functions
Synthesis (S) Phase
DNA is duplicated
Gap 2 (G2) Phase
The cell prepares for Mitosis.
G1, G2, S
The three phases of Interphase
Where cells divide, or split in two
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, and Anaphase
The four stages of Mitosis