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Latium

Region in west central Italy where Rome was built; 42N 12E

Eturia

Ancient region on the Italian peninsula that was home to the Etruscans; area is now called Tuscany 30N 46E

Tiber River

River in north Italy that gave the Romans a source of water and a way to travel and trade with the rest of the Mediterranean world; 42N 12E

Apennines

Mountain range that runs through Italy; 43N 11E

Sicily

Largest island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of southern Italy; 37N 13E

Tarquins

Ruling family in Rome who was overly cruel and eventually overthrown in 509 BC

Etruscans

Group of people who lived north of Rome and greatly influences Rome's early growth; changed Rome from a village of straw-roofed huts into a city with woodbrick buildings, streets, temples, and model army

Latins

the local people of what is now Rome; lived in Rome as early as 1000 BC; built huts on Rome's hills, tended herds, and grew crops. Sometime between 800 and 700 BC, they banded together for protection and settled Rome

Aeneas

mythical "father" of the Romans; Trojan hero in the Aeneid who, after the Greeks captured Troy, sailed the Mediterranean Sea, went to war, married a local king's daughter, and united the Trojans and Latins

Romulus and Remus

traditional mythology says these two brothers founded Rome. They were abandoned, rescued by a wolf, and raised by a shepherd. The twins quarreled (fought a lot) and Romulus killed Remus. Romulus built a city and named it Rome

legion

smaller groups of soldiers in the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers

republic

a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote

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