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test on Monday 27 2009

What are bacteria?

are one-celled microorganisms with both plants and animals characteristics.

Name and describe the two main classification of bacteria.

1. nonpathogenic organisms ( helpful or harmless; not diseases- producing),which perform many useful functions, such as decomposing garbage and improving soil fertility. 2.Pathogenic bacteria (microbes or germs) are harmful and,although int he minority, cause disease when they invade plants or animals tissue.

What are some of the beneficial functions performed by nonpathogenic bacteria?

decomposing garbage and improving soil fertility.

Name and describe the three forms of pathogenic bacteria.

cocci- are round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone)or in the fallowing groups,staphylococci,streptococci,diplococci. 2. bacilli are short, rod shaped bacteria. 3. spirilla are spiral or corkscrew- shaped bacteria.

what is the difference between local and general infection?

a local infection, such as a pimple or abscess, is one that is confined to a particular part of the body and is indicated by a lesion containing pus. A general infection result s when the bloodstream carries the bacteria or virus and their toxins (poisons) to all parts of the body.

How are viruses different from bacteria?

A virus is a submicroscopic structure capable of infesting almost all plants and animals, including bacteria.

How does Aids affects the body?How is transmitted?How is not transmitted?

Aids, the disease, breaks down the body's immune system. Is transmitted through unprotected sexual contact,sharing needles,and accident in health care center with needles. how is Not transmitted, holding hands,hugging, kissing, or shearing food or household items.

What is a contagious or communicable disease ?

when a disease spreads from one person to another by contact,it is said to be contagious or communicable.

Define immunity and name the two types.

Immunity and Natural immunity. Immunity is the ability of the body to destroy any bacteria that haves gained entrance and to resist infection in general. Natural immunity is partly inherited and partly developed through hygienic living.

describe the procedure for taking care of blood spill in the salon.

If a cut sustained, stop the service and clean the injured area, use a finger guard or gloves as appropriate. Proper steps must be taken for the safety of both people.

What is decontamination?Explain the three levels of decontamination.

The removal of pathogenic and other substances from tools and surfaces is called decontamination. the three laves of decontamination are;Sterilization,Disinfection,and sanitation;

what is efficacy and why is it important?

To meet salon requirements,a disinfectant must have the correct efficacy(effectiveness) to be used against bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

what is a MSDS?

The MSDS provides all patinent information on products,ranging from content and associated hazards to combustion levels and storage requirements.

List and describe the three types of salon disinfectant

Phenols,Alcohol, and bleach.

Explain how to disinfect the following:implements for haircuttting and styling;metal nails implements;linens and capes;electrical tools that cannot be immersed;work surfaces.

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List at least six precautions to follow when using disinfectants.

Always wear gloves and safety glasses when mixing chemicals with water.2.Always add disinfectant to water to disinfect.3. always keep disinfectant away from children, ect.

What are universal precautions?

are a set of guidelines and controls, published by the Center for Disease Control and prevention (CDC), that required the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV,HBV,and other bloodborne pathogens.

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