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anthology

a group of written works by various authors

collection

group of written works by the same author

ethos

it something is proven to be credible and trustworthy, it has good ____

tragedy

a drama that depicts, the call of a person of high rank, the collision of equally justified causes, and the sense that humans are doomed through their own actions

odes, chorus

___ help the audience become involved, models feelings in the play;
the ___ acts as a witness/real character in the play

conflict

the ___ results from past actions which have determined the shape of present choices and their outcomes, from ignorance/misunderstanding, or from direct imposition of the gods

tragic hero

a character, usually of high birth, neither totally good nor totally evil, whose downfall is brought about by some weakness or error in judgment

hamartia

a tragic flaw, weakness of character or error in judgment, which causes the downfall of the hero

hubris

arrogance or overweening pride which causes the hero's transgression against the gods; usually, the tragic flaw

anagnorisis

recognition or discovery on the part of the hero; change from ignorance to knowledge

peripeteia

reversal of fortune

nemesis

fate that cannot be escaped

catharsis

purgation of emotions of pity and fear which leaves the viewer both relieved and elated

paradox

a statement that seems to be contradictory but that might be true when considered from a particular perspective

equivocation

a statement that lends itself to multiple interpretations, often with the deliberate intent to deceive

alliteration

the repeating of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

inversion

verb-subject order

apostrophe

a form of personification, where you directly address the "thing"

synecdoche

a referral to something by its part/a small part of it

litotes

understatements

metonymy

object associated to something

aphorism

a profound quote/saying that expresses a truth

disingenuous

insincere

duplicitous

double-minded

pretentious

show-off

obsequious

weak

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