(US) Why did the Federalists want to replace the Articles of Confederation with the constitution?
Framers thought that the central government was too weak with the Articles
(US) What did the Anti-Federalists want added to the Constitution to limit the power of national government?
Bill of Rights
(US) What is the term used to describe the shared powers between national and state governments?
(US) What bodies must approve proposed amendments to the Constitution?
House and senate propose amendment while state legislators ratify
(US) List three key ideas from Declaration of Independence.
all men are created equal and social contract ( can abolish government and create new government)
(US)What type of democracy did the Framers of the Constitution create?
republic (representative democracy)
(US) The constitution establishes its authority on the basis of what when it states, " We the people" ?
(US) In what year was the current US Constitution written?
(US) What does the US Bill of Rights consist of?
10 first amendments
(US) On the subject of political parties , what does the original Constitution say?
(US) Federal Offices that are directly elected.
House and Senate
(US) What branch is responsible for making laws?
(US) According to Constitution , what is the biggest Congressional check on Presidential war power?
approve budget used to deploy troops
(US) Article I, Section 8 , Clause 8 and impact?
elastic clause and necessary and proper clause ( power expand legislative branch and implied power expand the scope of power in government)
(US) What expressed power has been used most often to expand the power of federal government?
interstate commerce clause
(US) What happens to a bill AFTER both chambers of Congress have passed it?
executive branch signs into law
(US) What is the length of term for US Senators?
(US) What is the length of term for US Representatives?
( US) What are major expressed powers of Congress?
right to tax, right to approve budget, right to regulate interstate commerce, declare war
(US) Who is the presiding officer of the US House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House
(US) How is this presiding officer of US House chosen?
elected by majority party in house
(US) How many voting members are in the US House of Representatives?
(US) Who are the US Senators from IL?
Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk
(US) What is the constitutional role of Executive Branch?
(US ) What are the constitutional qualifications for a person to be elected President?
35 years old, 14 year old resident, natural born citizen
(US) What are the President's formal military powers?
can send troops but cannot declare war
(US)How can the President use the veto power?
sign entire bill or veto ( all or nothing)
(US) How is President impeached?
House impeaches, senate removes
(US)If no candidate receives majority of electoral votes, what body chooses President?
(US) Electoral College : function and number of electors
538 electors, 270 needed to be majority
(US) What is the maximum number of times a person may be elected to the office of the President?
no more than 2 terms
(US) After the VP, who is next in line to succeed to the presidency?
speaker of the house
(US)What is purpose of Judicial Branch?
(US) What is the power a court has to declare a law of Congress unconstitutional ?
(US) What does the religious establishment clause of the First Amendment to the US Constitution state?
government not allowed to sponsor a religion
(US) Length of terms for federal judges
(US)What does the free exercise clause of the First Amendment protect?
American right to practice religion
(US)How are Supreme court justices confirmed?
majority of senate
(US)The Supreme Court will rule on Constitutionality of which law?
constitutionality of law questioned
(US) What are the names of the Current US President and Chief Justice of Supreme Court?
President Obama, John Roberts
(US) 1st Amendment
freedom of religion, assembly, free expression, and right to petition
(US) 2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
(US) 4th Amendment
Protect from unreasonable searches and seizures
(US) 5th Amendment
no self- incrimination
(US) 6th amendment
Right to Counsel
(US) 8th amendment
Protection from unreasonable punishment
(US) 14th Amendment
due process clause ( states must abide by bill of rights )
(US) 15th Amendment
African Americans right to vote
(US) 19th Amendment
Women right to vote
(US) 26th Amendment
Expanded to 18, 19, 20 the right to vote
Who is IL governor?
Function of Governor
Who is IL secretary of state?
Function of Secretary of State
Who is IL attorney general?
Function of Attorney General?
chief legal officer
Who is IL Treasurer?
Function of Treasurer?
charge of fiscal investment
Who is IL comptroller?
Judy Barr Topinka
Function of Comptroller?
fiscal record keeper
When was the Illinois Constitution adopted?
What's unique about the Illinois Bill of Rights as compared to the U.S ill of rights?
starts right in beginning in Article 1 in state constitution
Who can amend the Illinois Constitution?
The House and Senate can propose to amend the Illinois Constitution; however, the amendment is ratified when 60% of voters choose through a referendum in a direct election
What is the Illinois legislature also known as?
What is the basic (general ) trial court in Illinois called?
Illinois Circuit Court
How are judges in the Illinois Court system chosen?
How long are the terms of members of the lllinois State House of Representatives?
Which of the following best describes the Home Rule provision in the Illinois Constitution?
allows a local town to have power to increase tax ( Local Authority has more power)
Is redistricting intended to make districts equal in area or population
If the Governor vetoes a bill, how can the bill be passed over his veto?
3/5 vote in the general assembly.
How can a bill become law in Illinois?
approved in committee and approved by majority in each chamber
What are the three formal qualification for a judge in IL?
attorney, US citizen, and a resident where intend to serve judge
Comparison between a Governor and President's legislative power?
10 days to sign a bill into a law, while the governor has 60 days
Who are the US Representatives from the 8th and 10th U.S. Congressional Districts?
Bob Dold (10) Joe Walsh ( 8)
Who are the new state representatives from the 51st and 59th state districts?
Carol Sente (59) and Eddie Sullivan (51)
Who are the state senators from the 26th and 30th districts?
Terry Link ( 30) Dan Duffy (26)
What is your legal option if you are out of town on election day?
cast in your vote 3 weeks earlier
What are the three requirement for voter registration
at least 18 years old, US citizen, and resident for 30 days
What type of election nominates candidates for their respective parties?
In what type of of election do Illinois residents have a chance to participate in direct democracy?
Term used to to describe local government's ability to seize private land
What is the number of state representative districts in IL?
What is the number of state senatorial districts in IL?
ID the only Illinois governor to have been impeached and convicted?