History Alive Ancient World chapter 5

21 terms by msarvidson Plus

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Social Structure

the way a civilization is organized

Technology

the use of tools and other inventions for practical purposes

Plow

a tool for tilling (turning) the soil to prepare for planting

Status

importance

Chariots

a two-wheeled vehicle pulled by a horse

Scribes

a person who writes

Ziggurats

an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower

Sledges

flat-bottomed carts

Arch

an upside-down U or V shaped structure that supports weight above it, as in a doorway

Cuneiform

writing that uses wedge-shaped characters

Stylus

a sharp pointed tool for writing

Pictographs

a symbol that stands for an object

civilization

A group of people or culture that has the following characteristics: life in cities, a stable food supply, a hierarchical social structure, a system of government, a reglious system, a higly developed culture including art, music, literature, architecture, advances in technology, a written language

moat

an artificial waterway that rings a city or building to keep out intruders

bronze

an alloy (mixture) of copper and tin that can be poured into molds to be formed into metal objects like bowls or statues

plow

a tool used to till (turn) the soil to make it ready for planting

irrigation

a system of providing water to crops

lyre

a stringed musical instrument similar to a harp

priest

a leader of the religious system

deity

a god or supernatural being that people respect and/or worship

lapis lazuli

a semi-precious blue stone used for decoration

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