We should support a scientific idea based on ______, not based on the people who agree with it.
Scientific progress depends not only only on scientists, but also on _______ and _____.
Scientific progress occurs by building on the work of ________ ________.
Imhotep was renowned for his knowledge of _______.
Imhotep's medicine was was based not _______, but _______ and ________.
Science; Trial; Error
Egyptian medicine was advanced by the invention of ________.
Papyrus made it easier for the Egyptians to _______ info and pass in on from _________ to _________.
Record; Generation; Generation
Three of the first scientists were _______,
____________, and _____________. They were all from Ancient _________.
Thales; Anaximander; Anaximenes; Greece
Thales studied the ________ and tried to develop an unifying theme that would explain the movements of the ________ ________.
Heavens; Heavenly bodies
Thales' pupil, ___________ mainly studied _____.
Anaximander was probably the first to attempt an explanation for the origin of the human race without a reference to a ______.
__________ beleived that all things were constructed of air, which led to the concept of _____, one of the most important scientific ideas introduced by the Greeks.
Leucippus was a Greek scientist who was known as the father of the _______ ________.
__________ was Leuippus' student. His works were much better preserved. Most of his ideas were wrong, but his idea that atoms were in constant _______.
_________ is often called the father of the life sciences. He was the first to make a large-scale attempt at the ___________ of animals and plants.
Aristotle was also responsible for the nonsense idea of ___________ _________, that slowed the progress of science because the false idea lived on for thousand of years because of his ________.
Spontaneous generation; Reputation
________ is best known for proposing the geocentric system of heavens, where the _____ is at the center and all the other heavenly bodies ______ ________ it.
Ptolemy; Earth; Orbit around
The geocentric system was replaced by the correct _______ system, in which the earth and other planets orbit the _____.
The scientists who played a huge role in giving us the heliocentric system were ________,______, and ______.
Copernicus; Kepler; Galileo
_________ collected much evidence in support of the heliocentric system using a _________ he built based on descriptions of a military device.
Galileo had to publicly _______ the system, however, for fear of being thrown out of his ________.
During the Dark ages, _______ was done in place of science. In this pursuit, people tried to turn lead or other inexpensive items into _____________________.
Alchemy; Gold or other valuable metals
Alchemists were not scientists because they worked strictly by _____ and _____.
Science began to progress toward the end of the Dark Ages because the _________ worldview began to replace the _________ worldview.
__________ is generally considered the first modern scientist because he was first to use the _________ method, although his student, ____________, is sometimes given that title.
Grosseteste; Scientific; Roger Bacon
In the Renaissance two very important _________ were published. One was by _________, and it was a study of the human body. The other was Copernicus.
Copernicus' book was the first serious proposal of the _________ system.
In pursuit of data to confirm this system, ______ was able to develop mathematical equations that showed the planets do not orbit the sun in circles, but in ________.
_________ was one the greatest scientists of all time.
Newton laid down the laws of _______, developed a universal law of ______, invented the mathematical system of ________, wrote many commentaries on the _______, showed white light is really composed of many different _______of light, and came up with a completely different design for _________.
Motion; Gravity; Calculus; Bible; Colors; Telescopes
The era of ____________ produced good and bad changes for science.
The good change, produced by the Enlightenment, was that science began to stop relying on the ________ of past ________. The bad part of the change was that science began to move away from the authority of the ______.
Authority; Scientists; Bible
During the Enlightenment, _________ published his classification for life, which we still use today. In addition, ________ came up with the law of Maw Conservation, and ________ developed the first detailed atomic theory.
Linnaeus; Lavoisier; Dalton
________ is best known for his book, 'The Origin of Species'. While most of the ideas for that book have been shown incorrect, it did demonstrate that living organisms can adapt to changes in their ___________ through a process he called _______________.
Darwin; Surroundings; Natural Selection
The theory of Natural Selection essentially destroyed the old, incorrect view called _____________________, which says that living creatures cannot change.
The immutability of species
____________ was able to finally destroy the idea of spontaneous generation once and for all. He developed a process called ____________, which is used to keep milk from going bad as quickly as it otherwise would.
Louis Pasteur; Pasteurization
Pasteur laid down the foundation for most of today's _______, which have saved millions and millions of lives by protecting people from disease.
_______, an Augustinian monk, devout much of his life to the study of ___________. The entire field of modern __________, which studies how traits are passed on from parent to offspring, is based on his work.
Mendel; Reproduction; Genetics
Although Mendel loved his scientific pursuits, he gave them up in the later years of his life because of a political struggle between the ___________ and the ________.
________ is known as the father of modern physics, because he was able to show that _________ and _________ are really just different aspects of the same phenomenon , which is now called _____________.
Maxwell; Electricity; Magnetism; Electromagnetism
_________ determined that, like matter, energy cannot be created or destroyed. This is now known as the _______________________, and it is the guiding principle in the study of energy.
James Joule; First Law of Thermodynamics
In the modern era, ________ made the assumption that energy comes in small packets called "_______"
________ used the assumption of "quanta" to explain the photoelectric effect which had puzzled scientists for quite sometime. He also developed the special theory of _______ and the general theory of _______.
Einstein; Relativity; Relativity
______ also used the assumption that energy comes in quanta to develop a mathematical description for an _____. As a result, the idea that energy comes in little packets in now a central theme in modern science, forming the basis of the theory of ________ mechanics.
Bohr; Atom; Quantum