Removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis
Biopsy form in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a microscope
Chronic inflammatory disease characterized by a pusular eruptions of the skin that usually occur in or near the sebaceous glands
Aka spoon nail, a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave(scooped out). Indicative of iron deficiency anemia
Abnormal flattening of the nail that is often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips. Associated with chronic lack of oxygen caused by coronary or pulmonary disease.
Inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes due to an abnormality in production of melanin
Pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury. described by appearance, location.
Injury that does not break the skin and is characterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain.
Small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter; for example, nonpustular acne
Discolored, flat skin lesion such as a freckle or flat mole that is less than 1cm in diameter
Smooth, slightly elevated, swollen area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin that is usually accompanied by itching, for example, and insect bite or a reaction to an allergy skin test
Small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus. Circumscribed- contained within limited area
Aka blister. Circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than .5 cm in diameter.
Localized collection of pus within a circumscribed area and associated with tissue destruction
Open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss and usually with inflammation
Aka pressure ulcer or bedsore. And ulcerated area resulting from prolonged pressure on a body part.
General term used to denote any skin lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type that is not associated with inflammation.
Any benign skin condition, such as a wart or callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis.
Aka hives. skin condition characterized by localized areas of swelling accompanied by itching that is associated with an allergic reaction.
Chronic autoimmune disorder of the skin characterized by itching and by red papules covered with silvery scales that occur predominantly on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk
Inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, and scabs alone or in combination.
Diffuse infection of connective tissue with severe inflammation of the dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.
Necrosis that is usually associated with a loss of circulation. Tissue death is followed by bacterial invasion and putrefaction.
Means "hard skin". Autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal tissue thickening usually starting on the fingers, hands or face.
Precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun. raised rough, dry, or scaly spots that are tan, brown, gray, or red.
Aka skin cancer. Malignant neoplasm derived from cells capable of forming melanin. May occur in skin of any body part and may metastasize to the lungs, liver, and brain.
Basal cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. Found on face. Most frequent and least harmful skin cancer. Slow growing and rarely spreads. Lesions are smooth with depression in center, pink in color, and bleed easily.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Begins as malignant tumors of the squamous cells of the epithelium. It can quickly spread to other obdy parts. Start as skin lesions that appear to be sores that won't heal or with a crusted, heaped-up look
General term used to describe a small knotlike swellings of granulation tissue. May result from inflammation, injury, or infection.
Small rounded mass of highly vascular granulation tissue frequently with an ulcerated surface, projecting from the skin or mucosa
Small flesh-covered or light brown growths that hang from the body by fine stalks. Benign and tend to enlarge with age.
General term used most commonly to describe a mushrrom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane. Have many cuases and aren't necessarily malignant.
Second degree burn
Aka partial thickness burns. There are blisters and damage to the epidermis and dermis.
Third degree burn
Aka full thickness burns, in which the epidermis, corium and subcutaneous layers are damaged.
Removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cell debris from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing.
Chemabrasion, the use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin to treat acne scaring, fine wrinkling, and general keratoses
Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. Substance (solid, liquid, or gas) stimulated to emit light that is strengthened to a specific wavelength. Wavelength of beam is key to the laser's effect on tissue.
Aka bulbous nose. Overgrowth of skin and oil glands of the nose. Treated by using a carbon dioxide laser to reshape the nose by vaporizing the excess tissue.
Treated using short pulses of laser light to remove the birthmark. Treatment may require many sessions because only a small section is treated at a time