GLE73 -- Antebellum Era

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1803 to 1861; Purchase to Civil War.

Irish

Slaves were too valuable to risk in digging canals. This immigrant group was hired to risk their lives doing this dangerous, dirty job.

dancing

Having a good time in the 19th century meant....

Pontalba

Baroness Micaela Almonaster ___ was an important philanthropist in New Orleans despite a tragic marriage that ended when her father-in-law shot her through the hands and chest before killing himself.

Congo Square

The place in New Orleans where slaves were allowed to play traditional African music and dance.

West Florida

A short-lived nation, it existed for a matter of weeks in 1810 before being annexed by the United States. The capital was St. Francisville. It was the Republic of ____ _____.

cotton

The crop that was "king" in northern Louisiana.

Rilleaux

A descendent of slaves, he invented a method of refining sugar that greatly increased the demand for slaves.

half

What fraction of New Orleans' population was enslaved during the Antebellum Era?

slaves

The importation of these was banned in 1808.

pirates

Along with robbing ships, they smuggled slaves.

plantation

A large "industrial" farm.

Mississippi

Control of this river was the British objective in Louisiana in the War of 1812.

Lafitte

A privateer and smuggler, he was pardoned for aiding the Americans in the Battle of New Orleans. The British tried, but failed, to recruit him.

Philemon Thomas

He led the rebellion that established the Republic of West Florida.

white star

The flag of the Republic of West Florida could be described as a blue field with a single....

sugar cane

The main crop of southern Louisiana.

Eli Whitney

He invented the cotton gin.

Territory of Orleans

The name of the area that today includes New Orleans before statehood.

slaves

Some free people of color owned...

immigrants

By 1860, almost half the population of New Orleans consisted of...

Irish

The largest group of immigrants in Antebellum New Orleans.

Claiborne

The first American governor of Louisiana.

Wilkinson

He secretly spied for the Spanish as an American general and administrator in Louisiana.

quadroon

A Louisiana term for a person with one black grandparent and three white grandparents.

mulatto

An antebellum term for someone of mixed half European and half African ancestry.

one third

Lousiana produced this fraction of the cotton in the Antebelum United States.

sugar

Louisiana produced almost all of this commodity in the United States during the Antebellum Era.

Lincoln

His election as President of the United States prompted Louisiana and other southern states to secede from the Union.

Judah Benjamin

He left the U.S. Senate with a fiery speech just before the Civil War. He was the first Jewish person the serve in the U.S. Senate. He represented Louisiana.

Metoyer

The Natchitoches area family descended from a French soldier and his freed slave, Marie-Therese Coincoin.

Touro

A Jewish immigrant to New Orleans, he founded a hospital as a philathropist.

Gottschalk

An important classical composer from New Orleans.

Destrehan

A slave revolt ended with a mass execution of the slaves in 1811 at this plantation.

Poydras

A plantation owner from Pointe Coupee, he guided the formation of Louisiana's first constitution. His work helped gain Louisiana's admission to the Union.

white men

Only a third could vote in 1812 in Louisiana because of property requirements.

Jackson

He commanded American forces in the Battle of New Orleans in (or just after) the War of 1812.

Barataria

The "Pirate Kingdom" in Louisiana.

Chalmette

The plantation that was the site of the Battle of New Orleans.

rifle

The spiralled groove in the barrel of this gun gave it better range.

Etienne Boré

He invented a process to refine sugar around 1795. He had served in the royal guard for Louis XV. He was the first mayor of New Orleans. He is credited as the founder of the sugar cane industry in Louisiana, though he was not the first to plant it in Louisiana.

creole

Originally referred to white French people born in a colony; later came to refer to those of mixed black and white French ancestry.

New Orleans

After New York, it was the leading port in the United States before the Civil War.

New Orleans

A potent threat against a slave was to be "sold down the river." Where did this mean the slave would be sold?

violence

Slavery is rooted in...

effigy

Lincoln's ___ was burned throughout Louisiana.

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