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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. punishment
  2. transitive conditioned motivating operation
  3. generalization across subjects
  4. aversive stimulus
  5. evocative effect
  1. a Occurs when stimulus change immediately follows a response and decreases the future frequency of that type of behavior in similar conditions.
  2. b An increase in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by the stimulus that is increased in reinforcing effectiveness by the same motivating operation. For example, food deprivation evokes (increases the current frequency of) behavior that has been reinforced by food.
  3. c In general, an unpleasant or noxious stimulus; more technically, a stimulus change or condition that functions (a) to evoke a behavior that has terminated it in the past; (b) as a punisher when presented following behavior, and/or (c) as a reinforcer when withdrawn following behavior.
  4. d An environmental variable that, as a result of a learning history, establishes (or abolished) the reinforcing effectiveness of another stimulus and evokes (or abates) the behavior that has been reinforced by that other stimulus.
  5. e Changes in the behavior of people not directly treated by an intervention as a function of treatment contingencies applied to other people.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A motivating operation whose value-altering effect does not depend on a learning history. For example, food deprivation increases the reinforcing effectiveness of food without the necessity of any learning history.
  2. A stimulus change that does not elicit respondent behavior.
  3. An environmental condition or stimulus change exiting or occurring prior to a behavior of interest.
  4. Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.
  5. A procedure in which two stimuli are presented at the same time, usually repeatedly for a number of trials, which often results in one stimulus acquiring the function of the other stimulus.

5 True/False questions

  1. contrived mediating stimulusAny stimulus made functional for the target behavior in the instructional setting that later prompts or aids the learner in performing the target behavior in a generalization setting.


  2. abolishing operationA motivating operation that deceases the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event.


  3. respondent conditioningThe basic process by which operant learning occurs; consequences (stimulus changes immediately following responses) result in an increased (reinforcement) or decreased (punishment) frequency of the same type of behavior under similar motivational and environmental conditions in the future.


  4. reflexive conditioned motivating operationAn environmental variable that (a) alters (increases or decreases) the reinforcing effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event: and (b) alters (increases or decreases) the current frequency of all behavior that have been reinforced by that stimulus, object, or event.


  5. stimulusA decrease in the frequency of operant behavior presumed to be the result of continued contact with or consumption of a reinforcer that has followed the behavior; also refers to a procedure for reducing the effectiveness of a reinforcer (e.g. presenting a person with copious amounts of a reinforcing stimulus prior to a session).


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