5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- principle of behavior
- abative effect
- arbitrary stimulus class
- behavior trap
- value-altering effect
- a Antecedent stimuli that evoke the same response but do not resemble each other in physical form or share a relational aspect such as bigger or under (e.g. peanuts, cheese, coconut milk, and chicken breasts if they evoke the responses "sources of protein).
- b A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by the stimulus that is increased in reinforcing effectiveness by the same motivating operation.
- c An alternation in the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event as a result of a motivating operation. For example, the reinforcing effectiveness of food is altered as a result of food deprivation and food ingestion.
- d An interrelated community of contingencies of reinforcement that can be especially powerful, producing substantial and long-lasting behavior changes. Effective behavior traps share four essential features: (a) They are "baited" with virtually irresistible reinforcers that "lure" the student to the trap; (b) only a low-effort response already in the student's repertoire is necessary to enter the trap; (c) once inside the trap, interrelated contingencies of reinforcement motivate the student to acquire, extend, and maintain targeted academic and/or social skills; and (d) they can remain effect for a long time because students show few, if any, satiation effects.
- e A statement describing a functional relation between behavior and one or more of its controlling variables with generality across organisms, species, settings, behaviors, and time (e.g. extinction, positive reinforcement); an empirical generalization inferred from many experiments demonstrating the same functional relation.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The basic unit of analysis in the analysis of operant behavior: encompasses the temporal and possibly dependent relations among an antecedent stimulus, behavior, and consequence.
- Punishment that occurs independent of the social mediation by others (i.e. response product serves as a punisher independent of the social environment).
- An elementary verbal operant evoked by a nonverbal discriminative stimulus and followed by generalized conditioned reinforcement.
- A group of responses of varying topography, all of which produce the same effect on the environment.
- Any contingency of reinforcement (or punishment) that operates independent of the behavior analyst's or practitioner's efforts; includes socially mediated contingencies contrived by other people and already in effect in the relevant setting.
5 True/False Questions
convergent multiple control → A situation in which the frequency, latency, duration, or amplitude of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of an antecedent stimulus.
operant behavior → Behavior controlled by a rule (i.e. verbal statement of an antecedent-behavior-consequence contingency); enables human behavior (e.g. fastening a seatbelt) to come under the indirect control of temporally remote or improbable but potentially significant consequences (e.g. avoiding injury in an auto accident). Often used in contrast to contingency-shaped behavior, a term used to indicate behavior selected and maintained by controlled, temporally close consequences.
maintenance → Refers to dependent and/or temporal relations between operant behavior and its controlling variables.
unconditioned punisher → The stimulus component of an unconditioned reflex; a stimulus change that elicits respondent behavior without any prior learning.
formal similarity → A situation that occurs when the controlling antecedent stimulus and the response or response product (a) share the same sense mode (e.g. both stimulus and response are visual, auditory or tactile) and (b) physically resemble each other. The verbal relations with formal similarity are echoic, coping a text, and imitation as it relates to sign language.