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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. discriminated operant
  2. behavior chain
  3. unconditioned reflex
  4. conditioned punisher
  5. autoclitic
  1. a A secondary verbal operation in which some aspect of a speaker's own verbal behavior functions as a discriminative stimulus or a motivating operation for additional speaker verbal behavior. The type of relation can be thought of as verbal behavior about verbal behavior.
  2. b A sequence of responses in which each response produces a stimulus change that functions as conditioned reinforcement for that response and as a discriminative stimulus for the next response in the series; reinforcement for the last response in a maintains the reinforcing effectiveness of the stimulus changes produced by all previous responses in the series.
  3. c An operant that occurs more frequently under some antecedent conditions than under others.
  4. d An unlearned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus (e.g. food in mouth) that elicits the response (e.g. salivation); a product of the phylogenic evolution of a given species; all biologically intact members of a species are born with similar repertoires of unconditioned reflexes.
  5. e A previously neutral stimulus change that functions as a punisher because of prior pairing with one or more other punishers; sometimes called secondary or learned punisher.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The history of the natural evolution of a species.
  2. A relatively permanent change in an organism's repertoire of motivating operations (MO), stimulus, and response relations, caused by reinforcement, punishment, an extinction procedure, or a recovery from punishment procedure. Respondent function-altering effects result from the pairing and unpairing of antecedent stimuli.
  3. A stimulus change that, as a result of having been paired with many other punishers, functions as punishment under most conditions because it is free from the control of motivating conditions for specific types of punishment.
  4. Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.
  5. A stimulus change that decreases the future frequency of behavior that immediately precedes it.

5 True/False questions

  1. positive punishmentA behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of the behavior; sometimes called Type I punishment.

          

  2. negative reinforcementOccurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions.

          

  3. naturally existing contingencyAny contingency of reinforcement (or punishment) that operates independent of the behavior analyst's or practitioner's efforts; includes socially mediated contingencies contrived by other people and already in effect in the relevant setting.

          

  4. responseSomeone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.

          

  5. habituationA decrease in responsiveness to repeated presentations of a stimulus; most often used to describe a reduction of respondent behavior as a function of repeated presentation of the eliciting stimulus over a short span of time; some researchers suggest that the concept also applies to within-session changes in operant behavior.

          

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