5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- history of reinforcement
- spontaneous recovery
- positive reinforcement
- conditioned reinforcer
- a A secondary verbal operation in which some aspect of a speaker's own verbal behavior functions as a discriminative stimulus or a motivating operation for additional speaker verbal behavior. The type of relation can be thought of as verbal behavior about verbal behavior.
- b A stimulus change that functions as a reinforcer because of prior pairing with one or more other reinforcers: sometimes called secondary or learned reinforcer.
- c Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions.
- d An inclusive term referring in general to all of a person's learning experiences and more specifically to past conditioning with respect to particular response classes or aspects of a person's repertoire.
- e A behavioral effect associated with extinction in which the behavior suddenly begins to occur after its frequency has decreased to its prereinforcement level or stopped entirely.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by the stimulus that is increased in reinforcing effectiveness by the same motivating operation.
- A single instance or occurrence of a specific class or type of behavior. Technical definition: an action of an organism's effector. An effector is an organ at the end of an efferent nerve fiber that is specialized for altering its environment mechanically, chemically, or in terms of other energy changes.
- Someone who engages in verbal behavior by emitting mands, tacts, intraverbals, autoclitics, and so on. A speaker is also someone who uses sign language, gestures, signals, written words, codes, pictures, or any form of verbal behavior.
- An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus that does not have point-to-point correspondence with that verbal stimulus.
- An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a nonvocal verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity with the controlling response.
5 True/False Questions
Premack principle → A principle that states that making the opportunity to engage in a high-probability behavior contingent on the occurrence of a low-frequency behavior will function as reinforcement for the low-frequency behavior.
stimulus → An energy change that affects an organism through its receptor cells.
unconditioned reinforcer → An unlearned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus (e.g. food in mouth) that elicits the response (e.g. salivation); a product of the phylogenic evolution of a given species; all biologically intact members of a species are born with similar repertoires of unconditioned reflexes.
repertoire → All of the behaviors a person can do; or a set of behaviors relevant to a particular setting or task (e.g. gardening, mathematical problem solving).
negative punishment → Punishment that occurs independent of the social mediation by others (i.e. response product serves as a punisher independent of the social environment).