5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- discriminated operant
- behavior chain
- unconditioned reflex
- conditioned punisher
- a A secondary verbal operation in which some aspect of a speaker's own verbal behavior functions as a discriminative stimulus or a motivating operation for additional speaker verbal behavior. The type of relation can be thought of as verbal behavior about verbal behavior.
- b A sequence of responses in which each response produces a stimulus change that functions as conditioned reinforcement for that response and as a discriminative stimulus for the next response in the series; reinforcement for the last response in a maintains the reinforcing effectiveness of the stimulus changes produced by all previous responses in the series.
- c An operant that occurs more frequently under some antecedent conditions than under others.
- d An unlearned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus (e.g. food in mouth) that elicits the response (e.g. salivation); a product of the phylogenic evolution of a given species; all biologically intact members of a species are born with similar repertoires of unconditioned reflexes.
- e A previously neutral stimulus change that functions as a punisher because of prior pairing with one or more other punishers; sometimes called secondary or learned punisher.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The history of the natural evolution of a species.
- A relatively permanent change in an organism's repertoire of motivating operations (MO), stimulus, and response relations, caused by reinforcement, punishment, an extinction procedure, or a recovery from punishment procedure. Respondent function-altering effects result from the pairing and unpairing of antecedent stimuli.
- A stimulus change that, as a result of having been paired with many other punishers, functions as punishment under most conditions because it is free from the control of motivating conditions for specific types of punishment.
- Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.
- A stimulus change that decreases the future frequency of behavior that immediately precedes it.
5 True/False questions
positive punishment → A behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of the behavior; sometimes called Type I punishment.
negative reinforcement → Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions.
naturally existing contingency → Any contingency of reinforcement (or punishment) that operates independent of the behavior analyst's or practitioner's efforts; includes socially mediated contingencies contrived by other people and already in effect in the relevant setting.
response → Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal behavior.
habituation → A decrease in responsiveness to repeated presentations of a stimulus; most often used to describe a reduction of respondent behavior as a function of repeated presentation of the eliciting stimulus over a short span of time; some researchers suggest that the concept also applies to within-session changes in operant behavior.