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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. private events
  2. unconditioned motivating operation
  3. generalization setting
  4. generalization across subjects
  5. stimulus delta
  1. a A motivating operation whose value-altering effect does not depend on a learning history. For example, food deprivation increases the reinforcing effectiveness of food without the necessity of any learning history.
  2. b Covert stimulus control.
  3. c Any place or stimulus situation that differs in some meaningful way from the instructional setting and in which performance of the target behavior is desired.
  4. d Changes in the behavior of people not directly treated by an intervention as a function of treatment contingencies applied to other people.
  5. e A stimulus in the presence of which a given behavior has not produced reinforcement in the past.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A stimulus in the presence of which responses of some type have been reinforced and in the absence of which the same type of responses have occurred and not been reinforced; this history of differential reinforcement is the reason a discriminative stimulus increases the momentary frequency of the behavior.
  2. A group of responses of varying topography, all of which produce the same effect on the environment.
  3. Describes reinforcement (or punishment) that is delivered only after the target behavior has occurred.
  4. An elementary verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity with the response.
  5. A relation between the stimulus and response or response product that occurs when the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal stimulus matches the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal response. Verbal relation examples include echoic, copying a text, imitation as it relates to sign language, textual, and transcription.

5 True/False questions

  1. stimulus generalizationA graphic depiction of the extent to which behavior has been reinforced in the presence of a specific stimulus condition is emitted in the presence of other stimuli. The gradient shows relative degree of stimulus generalization and stimulus control (or discrimination). A flat slope across test stimuli shows a high degree of stimulus generalization and relatively little discrimination between the trained stimulus and other stimuli: a slope that drops sharply from its highest point corresponding to the trained stimulus indicates a high degree of stimulus control (discrimination) and relatively little stimulus generalization.


  2. phylogenyThe history of the natural evolution of a species.


  3. reinforcer-abolishing effectA decrease in the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event caused by a motivating operation. For example, food ingestion abolishes (decreases) the reinforcing effectiveness of food.


  4. reinforcer-establishing effectAn increase in the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event caused by a motivating operation. For example, food deprivation establishes (increases) the reinforcing effectiveness or food.


  5. history of reinforcementAn inclusive term referring in general to all of a person's learning experiences and more specifically to past conditioning with respect to particular response classes or aspects of a person's repertoire.


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