Standard Gade Drama Vocabulary

184 terms by kitty-cat-catherine

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184 SQA definition standard grade drama words/terms

Accent

Way of speaking used in a local area or country

Articulation

Clear pronunciation of words

Aside

A remark to the audience only

Audience

People watching a drama

Auditorium

The area for the audience, generally filled with seats

Avenue

Audience seated on two sides of the acting area

Backcloth

Canvas cloth which covers the back of the stage: can be painted

Backstage

Non-acting area behind stage

Balance

Keeping an even distribution of weight

Barndoors

Adjustable metal flaps attached to the front of a fresnel spotlight for shaping the beam of light

Blackout

The acting area is not lit

Slow fade to

The lighting/sound is faded out slowly

Fast fade to

The lighting/sound is faded out quickly

Snap to

Blackout is achieved instantly

Blocking

Deciding where and when actors will move on stage

Body language

Messages given by the position or movement of the body

Centre stage (CS)

The centre area of the stage

Centre stage left (CSL)

The left hand centre stage of the acting area as the actor faces the audience

Centre stage right (CSR)

The right hand centre stage of the acting area as the actor faces the audience

Character

Specific person in drama

Characterisation

The process of fully developing a character

Clarity

Clearness of voice

Comedy

A drama which is funny/comical

Conventions

Alternative ways of presenting parts of a drama

Costume

Clothes worn by actors for their characters

Creating

The process of developing a drama's content and roles through practical exploration, experimentation and problem solving

Crossfade

To change from one lighting cue to another with no blackout in between, or to change from one sound cue to another with no silence in between

Cue

A signal for an actor to do or say something, or for a lighting or sound effect to begin or end

Cyclorama

The back wall of the stage which can be painted or lit

Dance drama

A drama presented through dance moves

Dialogue

A conversation between two or more characters

Docu-drama

A documentary style drama, including reconstructions of events

Down stage centre (DSC)

The middle part of the stage nearest the audience

Down stage left (DSL)

The part of the stage nearest the audience on the left as the actor faces the audience

Down stage right (DSR)

The part of the stage nearest the audience on the right as the actor faces the audience

Dramatic irony

Actions or remarks whose significance is not realised by all the characters

Dress rehearsal

Final rehearsal of drama with all the theatre arts

Emphasis

The stress on a word or phrase

End on

Audience seated at one end - acting area at the other

Enter

To come onto stage

Evaluate

To judge the strengths and weaknesses of a drama

Exit

To leave the acting area

Facial expression

Look on face which shows emotion

Flashback

Acting out an event in the past

Flashforward

Acting out of a future or imagined event

Flats

Wooden frames, joined together and covered with canvas, which can be painted

Door flat

Frames into which a door is built

Window flat

Frames into which a window is built

Flies

Area above the stage from where scenery/actors are flown in on pulleys

Flood

Lantern giving a wide spread of light

Fluency

Natural, flowing speech

Focus

Key moment, scene, character, relationship or event in the drama

Focusing

Positioning the lanterns to get the desired lighting

Follow spot

Powerful profile used to follow actors around the acting area

Form

The overall style of the drama

Forum theatre

The audience suggest changes to a drama in order to affect the outcomes

Freeze frame

The action is frozen in time

Fresnel spot

Lantern giving a soft edged beam of light

Front of house (FOH)

Any job in the theatre which involves dealing with the audience e.g. box office, refreshments, usher

Frozen picture

A stage picture held without movement (tableau)

Gauze

See-through material which cannot be seen through when lit from the front, but can be seen through when lit from behind

G-clamp

Clamp used to secure lantern to lighting bar or stand

Gel

Film placed in front of a lantern to change the colour of the beam

Gesture

Movement of the hand or arm which communicates a meaning or emotion

Gobo

Thin metal plate cut out in a pattern and placed in a lantern to project pattern or shape into the acting area

Ground Plan

Bird's eye view of the set showing what is on the set, entrances/exits and the position of the audience

Hot-seating

Questioning a character in role

Intonation

Rising and falling of voice in speech

Key

Explanation of symbols on a ground plan

Make-up

Worn by actors for their characters

Masking

One actor unintentionally preventing another character from being seen by the audience

Masks

Covering for all, or part, of the face

Mime

Stylised form of movement which creates an illusion of reality

Mixing desk

Control desk for sound effects being used in a drama

Monologue

A character speaks their thoughts aloud

Movement

Use of the body as a means of communication

Musical

Drama which includes song and/or music

Narration

Part(s) of a drama are told as a story by a narrator

Pace

Speed of speech or movement

Pantomime

Christmas theatrical entertainment usually based on a fairytale

Pause

A break in speaking; period of silence

Performance

Presentation of a drama to an audience

Personal prop

An item carried or worn by a character e.g. glasses, handbag, wallet

Pitch

How high or low the voice is

Play

Another word for drama

Playwright

Person who has written the play

Plot

Storyline of a drama

Posture

Position of the body - how it is held

Presenting

The results of the Creating process, including performances and evaluation

Profile spot

Lantern giving a hard-edged beam of light

Promenade

Audience follows the action on foot, moving from one location to another

Prompt

To supply forgotten lines to an actor

Prompt copy

Master copy of the script with all moves and technical effects included

Prompt side

Left hand side stage where prompter and stage manager sit during performances

Props

Short for properties- objects used by an actor

Proscenium arch

Stage within an enclosing arch

Pyrotechnics

Stage fireworks

Rake

Slope of stage (to allow actors to be seen)

Register

Appropriate speech for the person being spoken to or the situation

Rehearsal

Practice or preparation of drama

Rehearsed improvisation

Drama devised/created without a script which is rehearsed before presentation

Revolving stage

Stage which turns in a circle

Rhythm

Movements which follow a pattern or beat

Role

Part played by an actor / attitude adopted

Role-play

A means of exploring attitudes and beliefs

Rostra

Blocks or platforms used to create levels

Safety chain

Used to attach a lantern to the lighting bar for safety

Scenario

Outline of the plot of drama, including changes in time or place

Scene

Section of a drama set in one place at one time

Scenery

Resources used to create the setting where a drama takes place e.g. backcloth, flats, rostra, furniture

Script

The written words of a drama

Set (1)

Scenery used to show where a drama takes place

Set (2)

To place a drama in a certain time or place

Set prop

An item placed on the set, usually part of it e.g. lamp, clock, picture

Sight lines

What the audience sees of the stage from where they are sitting

Slow motion

Movement performed in a slowed down speed

Soliloquy

A single, lengthy speech made when no other characters are on stage

Special effects

Used to create a mood or atmosphere on stage e.g. strobe light, mirror ball, smoke machine

Spontaneous improvisation

Drama created 'on the spot' without a script or plan

Spotlight

Beam of light created by a lantern for a person or place on the acting area

Stage directions

Written or spoken advice on how to act a drama

Stage whisper

A loud whisper intended to be heard by the audience

Staging

The position of the acting area relative to the audience

Stance

Attitude or position of the body

Status

Importance relevant to others

Stereotype

An exaggerated portrayal of a type of person

Stimulus

Anything which suggests ideas which can be developed into a drama

Strike Structure

To remove all the set from the acting area

Tableau

A stage picture held without movement

Tabs

Curtains

Target Audience

A specific audience at whom a drama is aimed

Tension

Build up of excitement

Theatre Arts

The collective name for lighting, sound, costume, props, make-up and set

Theatre in the round

The audience is seated all around the acting area

Thought tracking

An aid to characterisation: the character speaks their thoughts out loud

Thought tunnel

An aid to characterisation: character(s) walk past other characters who comment on their situation

Thrust

Audience is seated on three sides of the acting area

Timing

Speaking, movement or pausing at exactly the right moment

Tone

Change of voice to express emotion

Tragedy

A drama about unhappy events with a sad ending

Trapdoor

Door in floor

Treads

Stairs

Truck

Piece of scenery on wheels for ease of movement

Up Stage Centre (USC)

The middle part of the stage furthest away from the audience

Up Stage Left (USL)

The left hand side of the stage furthest away from audience as the actor faces the audience

Up Stage Right (USR)

The right hand side of the stage furthest away from audience as the actor faces the audience

Venue

The place where a drama is presented

Voice-over

Recorded speech played during a drama

Voices in the head

Recall of words said by others about a character or situation

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