The policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war.
Immediate cause of WWI
Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Immediate cause of U.S. entry into WWI
German submarines sinking U.S. merchant ships
Asked Congress to declare war against Germany. Creator of the 14 points
When WWI began, the U.S. chose to...
These events drew the U.S. closer to war...
Sinking of the Lusitania, Zimmerman Telegram, Joining of the League of Nations
How did the U.S. show a liking to the Allies during the war?
They sold food and supplies to Allies.
The first event that led us closer to war
Lusitania was sunk
How did women help the war effort?
They worked in factories.
The U.S. gov't controlled what during the war?
Food and factory production
Where did Americans mostly fight?
on the Western Front of Europe
War Labor Board
The government agency that was in charge of settling labor disputes.
Germany asked Mexico to become involved in the war with them. In return, they would assist Mexico in obtaining some of their land back. This was characterized by hostility and suspicion.
What was the Selective Service Act?
All men between 21-30 years of age have to register for the draft.
The U.S. gov't raised $21 billion for the war through these bonds.
The Big Four
They took charge of negotiating an official treaty ending WWI. These were the Allied Powers.
Wilson's 14 Points
Prevented international tensions from leading to war.
What did Wilson's goals for peace include?
An end to secret agreements between nations, self-determination by national groups, an association of nations to protect independence of nations.
Why was the U.S. senate against the Treaty of Versailles?
They were against U.S. membership in a peace-keeping organization.
Americans were against joining the League of Nations because...
They feared it would involve the U.S. in future European wars.
First, set up provisional gov't with democratic changes. Second, Bolsheviks rule the gov't so Russia withdraws from the war.
Agreement to stop fighting.
Treaty of Versailles
This treaty ended WWI. Under this treaty, Germany had to take FULL BLAME for the war. It also reduced the size of the German military, returned Alsace-Lorraine to France, and took away Germany's overseas colonies.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
France, Russia, Britain, Italy, and in 1917, the U.S.
to give up power
rapid spread of a contagious disease among a large number of people
seized power from the Provisional government
leader of the bolsheviks
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A Treaty that the Russians and Germans signed
John J. Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force
Harlem Hell fighters
An African American Unit
Battle of Belleau Wood
raged for three weeks
commander of the allied forces, ordered attacks along a line from Verdun to the north Sea
Of Tennessee wiped out a nest of German machine gunners
Battle Of Argonne Forest
Americans and Germans each had suffered more than 100,000 casualties
person who tries to stir up war
russian emperors had ruled with absolute power
is a law requiring people of a certain age to serve the military
unable to read or write
is system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
person who opposes all wars
person who supports community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits
the first woman elected to Congress
the head of the Food Administration
to prepare for war
german emperor promised his troops they'd go to war
is a deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
soldiers spent day shelling the enemy
is the spreading of ideas that help a cause or hurt an opposing cause
a big fleet of german submarines
the alliance between germany, Austria-hungary, and Italy
the alliance between France, Russia, and Britain
World War I
Pitted Central Powers, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Otaman or Turkish Empire against the Allied powers, France, Britain, and Russia