AP Psych Chp 12

25 terms by kbrooker 

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Conflict

Simultaneous existence of incompatible demands, opportunities, needs, or goals

Approach/approach conflict

According to Lewin, the result of simultaneous attraction to two appealing possibilities, neither of which had any negative consequences

Avoidance/avoidance conflict

According to Lewin, the result of facing two undesirable possibilities, neither of which has any positive qualities

Approach/avoidance conflict

According to LEwin, the result of being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by the same goal

Confrontation

Acknowledging a streaaful situation directly and attempting to find a solution to the problem or attain the difficult goal

Stress

Any environmental demand that creates a state of tension or threat and requires change or adaptation

Adjustment

Any effort to cope with stress

HEalth Psychology

A subfield with in psychology concerned with the relationship between psychological factors and physical health and illness

Pressure

A feeling that one must speed up, intensify, or change the direction of one's behavior or live up to a higher standard of performance

Frustration

The feeling that occurs when a person is prevented from reaching a goal

Projection

Attributing one's own repressed motives, feelings. or wishes to others

Identification

Taking on the characteristics of someone else to avoid feeling incompetent

Regression

Reverting to childlike behavior and defenses

Intellectualization

Thinking abstractly about stressful problems as a way of detaching oneself from the problem

Reaction formation

Expression of exaggerated ideas and emotions that are the opposite of one's repressed beliefs or feelings

Compromise

Deciding on a more realistic solution or goal whan an ideal solution or goal is not practical

Withdrawl

Avoiding a situation when other forms of coping are not practical

Defense Mechanisms

Self-deceptive techniques for reducing stress, including denial, repressiong, projection, identification, etc.

Denial

REfusal to acknowledge a painful or threatening reality

Repression

Excluding uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and desires from consciousness

Displacement

Shifting repressed motives and emotions frmo an original object to a substitute object

Sublimation

Redirecting repressed motives and feelings into more socially acceptable channels

General adaptation syndrome

According to Selye, the three stages the body passes through as it adapts to stress: alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion

Psychoneuroimmunology

A field of medicine that studies the interaction between stress on the one hand adn immune, endocrine, and nervous system activity on the other

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Psychological disorder characterized by episodes of anxiety, sleeplessness, and nightmares resulting from some disturbing event in the past

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