Chapter 11 The Roman Republic

Created by shsixth 

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Aneas

Great Trojan hero who led his followers from the Trojan War in Troy to Italy

Romulus and Remus

Twin brothers who legend says were rescued by wolves and later built a city named Rome (Romulus killed Remus and then named the city after himself)

Republic

People elect leaders to govern them.

Dictators

Rulers with almost absolute power.

Cincinnatus

One of Rome's famous dictators who defended the city against a powerful enemy in 458 BC

Plebeians

Common people

Patricians

Nobles

Magistrates

Elected officials who made up a part of Rome's government.

Consuls

Two most powerful magistrates

Roman Senate

A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders.

Veto

To prohibit action by other officials - means to forbid

Latin

The Roman's language

Checks and Balances

Keep any one part of a government from becoming stronger or more important that another.

Forum

Rome's public meeting place.

Legions

Groups of up to 6,000 soldiers who were divided into 100 men (centuries)

Punic Wars

Fought against Carthage, a city in northern Africa that were particulary fierce.

Hannibal

Army leader of Carthage who defended his city against Rome during the Second Punic War.

Gaius Marius

A consul who encourage poor people to join the Roman Army in the late 100s BC.

Lucius Cornelius Sulla

Became consul in 88 BC who had a conflict with Marius which led to a civil war in Rome.

Spartacus

Gladiator who rose up and led slaves to demand freedom.

Primary

First or most significant

Purpose

What something is used for

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