Great Trojan hero who led his followers from the Trojan War in Troy to Italy
Romulus and Remus
Twin brothers who legend says were rescued by wolves and later built a city named Rome (Romulus killed Remus and then named the city after himself)
People elect leaders to govern them.
Rulers with almost absolute power.
One of Rome's famous dictators who defended the city against a powerful enemy in 458 BC
Elected officials who made up a part of Rome's government.
Two most powerful magistrates
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders.
To prohibit action by other officials - means to forbid
The Roman's language
Checks and Balances
Keep any one part of a government from becoming stronger or more important that another.
Rome's public meeting place.
Groups of up to 6,000 soldiers who were divided into 100 men (centuries)
Fought against Carthage, a city in northern Africa that were particulary fierce.
Army leader of Carthage who defended his city against Rome during the Second Punic War.
A consul who encourage poor people to join the Roman Army in the late 100s BC.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Became consul in 88 BC who had a conflict with Marius which led to a civil war in Rome.
Gladiator who rose up and led slaves to demand freedom.
First or most significant
What something is used for