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Includes O. Henry, London's "To Build a Fire", Hawthorne's "Ambitious Guest", and excerpts from Moby Dick.

banana republic

a term coined by O. Henry, an unstable Latin American country

O. Henry

the alias of William Sidney Porter

Jack London

a native of San Francisco, longshoreman, adventurer

London's writing style

naturalism - Nature is cruel, indifferent

undulations

a wavelike form, outline, or appearance

apprehension

fear, painful expectation

monotonous

tediously repetitious, unchanging in tone

reiterate

to say again, to repeat

gait

a manner of walking

imperative

urgent, requiring attention

extremities

terminal points or limits, as hands or feet

sidle

to move sideways, especially in a shy or stealthy manner

precipice

a very steep cliff, the brink or edge

mirth

merriment, laughter

melancholy

deep sadness

solitude

seclusion, privacy

chasm

abyss, gorge, crevasse

posterity

a person's offspring, descendants; all future generations

sepulcher

a tomb, a burial chamber

cataract

a waterfall

archetype

A universal symbol, story pattern, or character type that is found in the literature of many cultures

Nathaniel Hawthorne

called an "anti-Transcendentalist" for his gloomy view of nature

Herman Melville

author of Moby Dick

inscrutable

difficult to understand, obscure, mysterious

Nantucket sleigh ride

a harpooned whale pulling a whale boat

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