9th Grade English Midterm

68 terms by gown212

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alliteration

repetition of the same initial consonant sound

anaphora

repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of sucessive clauses

assonance

repetition of the same internal vowel sound in words

metaphor

comparison between two unlike things

onomatopoeia

use of words to imitate sounds

simile

comparison between two things using like or as

pun

play on words

anachronism

assignment of something to a time when it was not in existance

personification

figure that endows animals and inanimate objects with human capabilities

allusion

reference in a literary work to another event or character

apostrophe

figure where the speaker talks directly to a nonhuman object

foreshadowing

providing hints of what is to come

irony

unexpected outcome or event

mood

atmosphere or feeling

point of view

speaker perspective

setting

time and place of a story

theme

uniting message of a story

tone

author's attitude toward a subject

blank verse

non-rhyming poetry

foil

characters who are directly opposed to one another

symbolism

use of objects to represent abstract ideas

tragic hero

protagonist who comes to a bad end as a result of their own behavior

tragic flaw

single characteristic which causes the downfall of the protagonist

Elizabeth I

English Protestant queen who reigned from 1558-1603 during Shakespeare's time "The Virgin Queen"

James Stuart

English king, successor of Elizabeth I

Great Chain of Being

belief in order and harmony for all beings

Elements

belief that the world is made up of fire, earth, water, and air

Humors

belief that each human consists of four bloods/humors choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, and melancholic

Martin Luther

leader of the Protestant Reformation in 1517

Henry VIII

English king who separated from the Catholic Church to annull his marriage, creating the Church of England

Mary I

English queen and sister of Elizabeth I who restored England to its Catholic faith

petty school

school for young boys to learn manners and good behavior

grammar school

school for older boys to learn Latin and other subjects in preparation for University

Globe Theater

theater where most of Shakespeare's plays were performed by all men

William Shakespeare

playwriter and actor 1564-1616, wrote 38 plays and 154 sonnets and lived in Stratford-upon-Avon

comedy

light-hearted and funny play

tradgedy

drama where characters suffer great disasters or misfortunes and has a negative outcome

history

play that features historical characters or events

groundlings

poor spectors of performances that were in the pit/courtyard

stage

platform that extended into the pit

second level gallery

upper stage area used for balcony scenes

trapdoors

openings in the stage used for ghosts

heavens

area above stage used for angelic beings

iambic pentameter

stressed, unstressed line meter in 10 syllables

prose

ordinary writing that is not song or poetry, usually spoken by lower-class characters in Shakespeare plays

plot

sequence of events in a literary work

exposition

plot beggining introducing the characters, setting, and situation

inciting moment/initial incident

event which begins the plot

conflict

struggle that develops, man vs. self, man, nature, society

protagonist

good guy

antagonist

bad guy

crisis

moment where protagonist's situation either gets better or worse

climax

turning point of the plot

resolution

end of conflict

denouement

final explanation of the plot after the resolution

theme

central idea which gives insight into life explaining the downfall

round character

character with many personality traits

flat character

character with only one personality trait

static character

character who remains the same throughout the play

dynamic character

character that changes during the plot

monologue

one character speaking while other characters are on stage

soliloquy

character speech expressing thoughts and feelings with no other characters on stage

aside

words spoken in an undertone, not to be heard by other characters

direct address

words that tell the audience who is being addressed

dramatic irony

contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience knows

verbal irony

words used to suggest the opposite of what is meant

situational irony

event that contradicts the expectations of the characters or audience

comedic relief

comedy used to relieve tension or tragedy

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