Music that moves in small intervals.
Music that is conprised of large leaps.
Main musical line that is typically what you remember.
Up and down motion of the music.
Distance between two notes.
Distance between the highest and lowest note.
Smaller part of the full melody.
Short part of the entire musical idea.
Finishing point for the musical line.
Combine duple and triple meters.
Mix duple and triple into even beat lengths. (2+3)(2+2+3)
Music that has no meter.
Describes the "vertical" nature of music, or how notes sound when played together.
Three or more pitches played together.
The most common type of chord and it is based on the notes of a scale (do, mi, sol).
In western music most scales are either major or minor and the predominate note is considered tonic.
Notes that sound pleasing together.
Notes that do not sound pleasing together.
The octave is a consonate interval and it forms a major or minor scale.
Distance from one note to the very next.
Two half steps. skips one note in between.
raises the pitch by a half step
lowers the pitch by a half step
Conprised of the 1st, 3rd, and 5th notes on a scale.
Conprised of the 5th, 7th, and 9th notes on a scale.
Starts at the 4th scale degree. (4,6,8)
When music changes its tonality or key in the middle.
When every note in the piece is moved equally up or down.
A 5-note scale
Scales that are created by using non-traditional intervals.
Single melodic line of music. (no harmony)
many melodic lines at the same time.
one melodic line with chordal accompaniment.
unified rythms (hymns)
Form of a musical piece
the way in which it is organized.
Two part form (A-B)
Three part form (A-B-A)
A full musical thought.
Part of a musical thought.
Repetition of a motive that if often used to change pitch. (Modulation)
Repeated rythmic idea.
Long bass tone that supports a melody.
Used to describe the speed of a piece. It can be defined using beats per minute.
solemn (very, very slow)
Broad (very slow)
A Walking pace
The property of an instrument to sound different from something else. This can be subtle or very dramatic.
the relative highness or lowness of an instruments range.
upper range for women
lower range for women
upper range for men
Lower range for men
Mezzo-soprano and Baritone
mid range classifications for women and men.
Most produce a sound by vibrating a cane reed. Various keys are pushed to change pitches.
woodwind, no actual reed, vibrates a column of air.
woodwind, single reed, wooden body
woodwind, single reed, body is made of metal.
woodwind, small double reed instrument, has two reeds that work to vibrate the air column, upper range.
Woodwind, double reed, similar to oboe, lower range.
Produce a sound by "buzzing" the lips into a mouthpiece, most have three valves that can change the length of the tube when they are depressed.
Brass Instrument, high register
brass instrument, upper/middle register
brass instrument, lower register, instead of valves it has a slide that lengthens the vibrating air column.
brass instrument, lowest register instrument of the brass family.
played by strumming the strings.
string instrument, played by dragging a bow across the strings.
string instrument, four strings, lower range string instrument.
string instrument, 6 strings, but can have 12.
produce sounds by being struck, some instruments are definite pitch and some are indefinite pitch.
percussion, bars are struck to produce different pitches.
percussion, produces pitches in a high register.
percussion, definite pitch
collection of drums and cymbals that are played as if they are one single instrument, indefinite pitch.
indefinite pitch, metallic instrument.
percussion, has a drumhead and jingles.
both a sting instrument and a percussion instrument. Often called a keyboard instrument.
vibrating air column
vibration of the whole instrument body.
Vibrating a skin surface (drumhead).
outside of ear that funnels sound into canal.
vibrates and moves hammer, anvell, and styrup.
hammer, anvellm and styrup
three small bones that vibrate fluid in ear.
Mezzo Piano (mp)
mezzo forte (mf)
(<) growing louder
(>) growing softer
forcing accent on a single note or chords.