Philadelphia Convention 1787
May-September 1787. Considered one of central events in the history of the United States. Called to address problems following independence from Britain. Originally intended to revise Articles of Confederation, many proponents set out to form a new government rather than fix the old one. Resulted in the formation of the Constitution of the United States.
Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of 1812
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
The Connecticut Plan called for a two-house Congress in which both types of representation would be applied, and is also known as the Compromise Plan.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention to allow slaves to count as 3/5 of a person to count towards the population of a state for both representation and taxation
supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
a person who opposed a strong national government, people who opposed the Constitution
a person who interprets the Constitution in a way that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take
A person who interprets the Constitution in a way that allows the federal government to take actions that the constitution does not specifically forbid it from taking
a series of 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay (using the name "publius") published in NY newspapers and used to convice readers to adopt the new constitution
a 1789 law that created the structure of the Supreme Court and set up a system of district courts and circuit courts for the nation
Report on Public Credit
proposed by Hamilton to repair war debts; selling of securities and federal lands, assumption of state debts, set up the first National Bank
Report on Manufactures
A proposal written by Hamilton promoting protectionism in trade by adding tariffs to imported goods in order to protect American industry Though congress did not do anything with it, the report later influenced later industrial policies.
French diplomat who in 1793 tried to draw the United States into the war between France and England (1763-1834)
1794- British and us agreed- British trade w/ Americans and the british leave northwest territory
a 1794 protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States
Washington's "Farewell Address"
Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.
political party led by Thomas Jefferson; it feared centralized political power, supported states' rights, opposed Hamilton's financial plan, and supported ties with France. It was heavily influenced by a agrarian interests in the southern states.
incident of the late 1790s in which French secret agents demanded a bribe and a loan to France in lieu of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty and other issues
Alien & Sedition Acts
acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government
KY & VA Resolutions
Documents written by Jefferson and Madison that put forth the idea of states' rights
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."