Suspend business for a time.
Official representative of a government in a foreign country.
Change in, or addition to, a written constitution.
To take a case to a higher court for review, usually done by the losers in a trial.
Authority of a court to review the decisions of a lower court.
the distribution and assignment of seats in the House of Representatives.
permission given by the legislature to another branch of government to spend money.
When charges are made against a person in court.
Money or property given to a court to secure the release of an accused person until the time of a trial.
a two house legislature.
A document presented to congress for adoption into law.
Bill of Attainder
A law declaring a person guilty of a crime without trial.
The group of executive department heads who advise the president.
A crime in which the death penalty may be given.
An official count of the population.
Checks and Balances
When each branch of the government has the means to check the actions of the other branches.
The presiding or head judge of the Supreme Court.
Rights or freedoms that belong to every citizen.
Commander in chief
Person with supreme control over the military forces of a nation.
Buying, selling, and transporting products and services between places.
The laws that come from court decisions, rather than those made by the legislature.
A loose alliance of independent states where the individual states do not give up the power to act independently.
The exclusive right, granted by law, for a person to publish and sell his or her literary, musical, or artistic work.
Someone who helps a person with advice in a legal case or court of law.
To make something, usually money, that is not authorized by the government.
A person against whom a civil or criminal action is brought in a court.
A charge imposed upon property according to its value.
District of Columbia
An area between Maryland and Virginia that is the seat of government of the United States.
Related to home, or place of birth.
When a person has been found not guilty in a previous trial is tried again for the same crime.
The care which government must take to protect the lives, liberty and property of individuals.
A tax placed on the production or sale of specific goods.
Gives Congress the power to make all laws to carry out the power granted to the federal government.
A body of electors, chosen by popular vote, who formally elect the President and Vice President.
Power of government to take private property for public use.
Refers to salary
Ex Post Facto
law that penalizes actions that took place before a law was approved.
Powers specifically listed in the Constitution.
Fairness when settling a dispute that is not covered by written laws
A tax upon certain products, such as leather goods or jewelry.
The branch of government that carries out or executes the laws.
a political system that divides power between the national and state governments.
A serious crime
Financial policy of the government.