physical geo/ human geo

31 terms by bra2fye 

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geography

study of the earth's surface

absolute location

exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates

relative location

the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

hydrologic cycle

the natural process by which water is purified and made fresh through evaporation and precipitation. The cycle provides all the fresh water available for biological life.

ocean

a large body of water constituting a principal part of the hydrosphere

lake

a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land

river

a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)

volcano

a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt

strait

a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water

peninsula

a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

gulf

an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land

marsh

low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation

delta

a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water

oasis

a fertile tract in a desert (where the water table approaches the surface)

butte

a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding region

swamp

low land that is seasonally flooded

island

a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water

praire

a large area of level or rolling grassland (meadow).

steppe

extensive plain without trees (associated with eastern Russia and Siberia)

mountain

a land mass that projects well above its surroundings

valley

a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river

plateau

a relatively flat highland

canyon

a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall

weather

the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation

climate

the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time

greenhouse effect

warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere

ecosystem

a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment

biome

a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate

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