NAME: ________________________

AP Euro Chapter 21 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. factories
  2. Factory Act of 1833
  3. Josiah Wedgwood
  4. convertible husbandry
  5. Industrial Revolution
  1. a • Farmers switched closed fields between pasturage for animals and grain production
    • In response to the price structure for specific commodities
  2. b • Mineral energy and technology innovations
    • Britain 1750-1850- after 1850 growth slowed
    • Machines replaced human and animal labor
  3. c • Created to house new machines
    • Provided secrecy to protect trade secrets
    • Originally called "safe boxes"
  4. d • Prohibited factory work of children under nine
    • Provided two hours of education a day
    • Set the twelve-hour work day
  5. e • 1730-1795
    • Separated aspects of pottery making
    • Founded Wedgwood Pottery
    • Introduced uniform creation of pottery

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. • 1834
    • Unified trading zone created by Prussia
    • Created a series of alliances between German States
    • States received an annual portion of revenue
    • Prussia received political benefits for keeping smaller countries in line
  2. • Invented by James Hargreaves; allowed for the spinning of eight threads at once
    • replaced the spinning wheel
    • ADVANTAGES: was a breakthrough in redressing the balance between spinning and weaving/ could spin cottage in large quantities
    • DISADVANTAGE: spun thread that wasn't strong enough to be used as warp
  3. • Naval contractor
    • Experimented with coke as fuel and removing the impurities from pig iron
    • First to realize that iron could be rolled directly into sheets
    • Increased output of pig iron by 15 times
  4. • Founded modern factory system
    • Developed water frame
    • Constructed the first cotton factories in Britain
    • Was a genius in industrial managing
    • Died with a massive fortune
  5. • Made transportation easier
    • Britain
    • Aided in the growth of the Industrial Revolution
    • Brought resources inland for domestic usage

5 True/False Questions

  1. George Stephenson• 1840s
    • Time of agrarian crisis and economic slump
    • 60% of factory workers unemployed


  2. Charles Townshend• Steam pump enabled water to be sucked through a pipe
    • Could raise as much water in a day as 2500 humans
    • Applied to draining water in coal and metal mines


  3. flying shuttle• Invented by John Kay in 1730's
    • Allowed weavers to work alone and permitted the construction of larger and faster handlooms
    • Was adopted slowly because it increased demand for spun thread


  4. Eli Whitney• Workers who opposed the introduction of mechanization of weaving
    • Rioted by breaking machines in 1810's
    • Attempted to maintain the traditional organization of their industry and the independence of their labor


  5. James Watt• Improved steam engine-1775
    • Converted up down motion to rotary motion
    • Used in machine's and locomotion


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