Poetry terms 1

Created by kcwoods 

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32 of 64 literary terms to know for poetry and beyond

alliteration

the repetition of initial consonant sounds

meter

rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time

allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

metric foot

a unit of poetic meter (usually one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables). These terms are used for the metric feet and line lengths most common in English poetry:

ambiguity

unclearness because of having more than one meaning

mood

the feeling created in a reader by a literary work or passage

antecedents

preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later.

narrator

The person telling the story

archetype

A recurring symbol, character, found in myth and literature across different cultures and eras.

ode

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object, or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

assonance

Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

onomatopoeia

a word that imitates the sound it represents

paraphrase

express the same message in different words

analogy

a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way

diminution

a decrease or reduction of size

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

personification

the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.

ballad

a song or songlike poem that tells a story

plot

the sequence of events in a story or poem

cinquain

a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.

quatrain

a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes

connotation

the feelings or emotions surrounding a word

repetition

the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device

consonance

the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

rhyme

be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable

couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

denotation

The dictionary definition of a word

sensory images

the use of words to create pictures in the reader's mind; using the 5 senses

diction

a writer's or speaker's choice of words

simile

a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as

atmosphere

a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing

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