U.S. Constitution Essential Vocabulary
a large formal assembly or meeting
Made up of two houses or chambers. Parliament, England's national legislature, or lawmaking body is a bicameral legislature.
|The Great Compromise|
An agreement at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 on how the states should be represented.
Every state would get two votes in the upper house, while each state would get representatives based on population in the lower house.
A compromise is an agreement in which both sides give up some of their demands so that other demands can be met.
|Checks and Balances|| |
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to keep any branch from becoming too powerful / prevent abuse of power
|Legislative Branch|| |
The branch of government that makes the laws; Congress is responsible for proposing and passing laws.
the legislature of the United States government
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.
a person appointed or elected to represent others
to approve officially, usually a law
a part of a document, such as the Constitution, that deals with a single subject
the greater number or part; more than half
In an election more than half the votes
smaller number or part; less than half
A member of the Senate; 2 per state-6 year term-present: voters pick them-must be 30 yrs old and be citizen for 9 yrs
a member of the United States House of Representatives
The United States Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the United States House of Representatives comprises the United States Congress.
|House of Representatives|| |
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two Houses of the United States Congress, the bicameral legislature which also includes the Senate.
|Elastic Clause|| |
The necessary and proper clause in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to "make all laws necessary and proper" for carrying out its duties. Because it provides flexibility for the government, this clause has become known as the elastic clause.
|Executive Branch|| |
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws;
the President administers and enforces federal law
to cancel ; the President has the power to cancel laws that Congress passes
not consistent with or according to a constitution
vote to bring charges of "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" against a president. The Senate tries all impeachment cases.
formal request to someone in authority, usually written and signed by a group of people
make a request of the government
a periodic and official count of a country's population
|Judicial Branch|| |
The branch of government responsible for interpreting laws, punishing criminals, and settling disputes between states; made up of the national courts
Equal treatment under the law
|Supreme Court|| |
highest court in the United States established by the Constitution; consists of a chief justice and eight associate justices who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Once appointed, justices have life tenure
Official changes, corrections, or additions to the Constitution. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights.
The Cabinet is made up of the 14 department heads or secretaries who advise the president on important matters.
actions against one's country;
a person who commits treason is called a traitor
take a court case to a higher court for review
an area of authority or control; the right to administer justice
|Bill of Rights|| |
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
the right to vote