4th Six Weeks Vocabulary

33 terms by martinez17

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Adage

a familiar proverb or wise saying

Antecedent

a word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers

Aphorism

a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance

Apostrophe

a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

Balanced sentence

a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast

Bathos

insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity

Chiasmus

a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")

Cumulative sentence

a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases (main clause is at the beginning)

Deductive reasoning

reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)

Didactic

having the primary purpose of teaching or instructing

Epigram

a brief, pithy, and often paradoxical saying

Epigraph

a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for a chapter or other section of a work

Homily

a sermon, or a moralistic lecture

Inductive reasoning

deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").

Literary license

deviating from normal rules or methods in order to achiever a certain effect (intentional sentence fragments, for example).

Litotes

a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture.")

Malapropism

the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar ("The doctor wrote a subscription.")

Maxim

a concise statement, often offering advice; an adage

Parenthetical

a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often to qualify or explain

Pedantic

characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship

Romantic

a term describing a character or literary work that reflects the characteristics of Romanticism, the literary movement beginning in the late 18th century that stressed emotion, imagination, and individualism

Solecism

nonstandard grammatical usage; a violation of grammatical rules

Syllepsis

a construction in which one word is used in two different senses ("After he threw the ball, he threw a fit.")

Synedoche

using one part of an object to represent the entire object (for example, referring to a car simply as "wheels")

Synesthesia

describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")

Vernacular

the everyday speech of a particular country or region, often involving nonstandard usage

Dissonance

harsh, inharmonious, or discordant sounds

Elegy

a formal poem presenting a meditation on death or another solemn theme

Frame device

a story within a story. An example is Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, in which the primary tales are told within the "frame story" of the pilgrimage to Canterbury

Metonymy

substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it ("The pen [writing] is mightier than the sword [war/fighting].")

Philippic

a strong verbal denunciation. The term comes from the orations of Demosthenes against Philip of Macedonia in the fourth century.

Surrealism

an artistic movement emphasizing the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control

Trilogy

a work in three parts, each of which is a complete work in itself

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