The Ptolemaic System was the idea of a system where planets and stars are in fixed spheres around the Earth, connected and held in place by crystal rings.
A Geocentric System was the idea that our solar system revolved around the Earth, rather than the Sun.
(1546-1601) Tyco Brahe was a Danish nobleman, he was the first man to theorize an Elliptical Heliocentric Solar System.
A Heliocentric System was the idea of a system where planets and stars are revolving around the Sun, rather than the Earth.
Rationalism is the principle that human reason is the source of knowledge, rather than God.
The scientific method is a logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas, beggining with a problem arising from an observation.
The scientific revolution was a new way of thinking about the natural world. The new view would turn away from the Christian views of the universe.
(1564-1642) Galileo Galilei was an Italian Renaissance Man (A mathematician, musician, and philosopher)
(1561-1626) English politician, writer. Francis Bacon formalized the empirical method. He used inductive reasoning in the scientific method.
English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. His treatise on gravitation, presented in Principia Mathematica (Which was published in (1687), was supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.
An educated guess about the experiment in an If-then statement based on what you have already observed.